Lesson 10 -الدَّرْسُ الْعَاشِرُ
The Arabic five nouns - الأَسْمَاءُ الْخَمْسَةُ
- We are still in lesson ten of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
- In this lesson we will learn the following two new words and the rules regarding their use In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing):
- The words above belong to a category of five words called الأَسْمَاءُ الْخَمْسَةُ (we will learn the remaining three in later lessons In-Shā’-Allâh). When we want to say "Your book" in Arabic we say كِتَابُكَ but when we want to say "your father", it would be written as أَبُوكَ and not أَبُكَ. Similar is the case with the word "brother" when a pronoun is added to it, a letter 'wāw' is added as a second last letter and hence the word will become أَخُوكَ instead of أَخُكَ.
- When any of these words annexed with pronouns appear in the nominative case (we will learn more about this later), the letter "wāw" is added as the penultimate (second to last) letter i.e., هَـٰذَا أَبُوكَ or ذَلِكَ أَخُوكَ but when they appear in genitive case (we will learn more about this later) the letter 'ya’' is added instead of 'wāw' and the word thus formed is أَبِيكَ or أَخِيكَ.