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Lesson 10 -الدَّرْسُ الْعَاشِرُ

Introduction – مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will In-Shā’-Allâh learn the following things:
    • The Possessive Pronouns (the words used instead of nouns to show possession or ownership of something)

Possessive Pronoun

Example

Arabic

Your (masculine) book

كِتَابُكَ

(كَ)

Your (feminine) book

كِتَابُكِ

(كِ)

His book

كِتَابُهُ

(هُ)

Her book

كِتَابُهَا

(هَا)

My book

كِتَابِي

(ي)

Our book

كِتَابُنَا

(نَا)

    • Two new words and their cases.

English

Arabic

Father

أَبٌ

Brother

أَخٌ

    • In this lesson we will learn the use of a few new prepositions. We have learnt that prepositions are the words used to connect two or more words or sentences (Lesson No.4 section 3). Both of the prepositions have the same meaning but are used in different situations

English

Arabic

About

عَنْ

Along with / With / To have

مَعَ

At/In

بِـ

    • In this lesson we will also learn the use of verbs with the pronouns. We have already learnt the simple form of the verb in (Lesson No. 4 section 12).

English

New form of verb

Pronoun Added

Simple Verb

You went

ذَهَبْتَ

You (masculine)

أَنْتَ

ذَهَبَ

You went

ذَهَبْتِ

You (feminine)

أَنْتِ

He went

ذَهَبَ

He

هُوَ

She went

ذَهَبَتْ

She

هِيَ

I went

ذَهَبْتُ

I

أَنَا

We went

ذَهَبْنَا

We

نَحْنُ

    • We will also learn the vowel endings of the masculine nouns that are similar to the feminine nouns

English

Arabic

Hamza

حَمْزَةُ

Talha

طَلْحَةُ

Usama

أُسَامَةُ

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