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Lesson 89 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والثَّمانون

The conditional sentence - أَسالِيبُ التَّحِيَّةِ، والاِعْتِذارِ

The Style of Apology – أُسْلوب الاِعْتِذَار

  • The apology style consists of the expressions which someone can use to show that he is sorry about something that he has done or said (being so late, causing troubles etc.)
  • In Arabic, there are many structures to express apology. There are verbal affirmative structures as (أَعْتَذِرُ I apologize), a verbal imperative structure as (سامِحْنِي forgive me)verbal noun structures as (عَفْوًا - مَعْذِرَةً), and nominal sentences as (أنا آسِف I am sorry).
  • Following are some dialogues that contain situations of apology:

(1)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

Peace be upon you, Ammar!

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم يا عَمَّار

ياسِر

And upon you be peace, Yasser! Welcome!

وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلامُ، أَهْلاً وسهْلاً يا ياسِر.

عَمَّار

Sorry, my friend!

عَـفْوًا يا صَدِيقِي

ياسِر

What is the problem, Yasser?

ما الْمُشْكِلَةُ يا ياسِر؟

عَمَّار

I cannot come at seven

لَنْ أَسْتَطِيعَ الْحُضُورَ فِي السَّاعَةِ السَّابِعَةِ

ياسِر

No problem, my friend. When will you come?

لا مَشْكِلةَ يا صَدِيقِي، مَتَى سَتَحْضُرُ؟

عَمَّار

I will come at nine

سَأَحْضُرُ السَّاعَةَ التَّاسِعَةَ

ياسِر

No problem, I will wait for you at that time

لا مُشْكِلَة، سَأَنْتَظِرُكَ فِي هذا الْوَقْتِ.

عَمَّار

Sorry again, my friend

عَفْوًا ياصَدِيقِي مَرَّةً أُخْرَى.

ياسِر

No problem, my friend, good bye!

لا مشكلة يا صَدِيقِي...مَعَ السَّلامَة

عَمَّار

Good bye!

مَعَ السَّلامَة

ياسِر

(2)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

Good morning, sir!

صَباحُ الْخَيْرِ ياسَيِّدِي

المُوظف

Good morning, Ibrahim!

صَباحُ النُّور يا إِبْرَاهِيم

المدير

Sorry sir!

مَعْذِرَةً يا سَيِّدِي

المُوظف

What is the problem, Ibrahim?

ما المُشْكِلَةُ يا إِبْرَاهِيم؟

المدير

I am very tired today

أنا مُتْعَبٌ جِدًّا الْيَوْمَ

المُوظف

How do you feel?

بِمَ تَشْعُرُ؟

المدير

I feel a strong pain in my stomach

أَشْعُرُ بِأَلَمٍ شَدِيدٍ فِي بَطْنِي

المُوظف

Right, I will accept your excuse, but you have to come tomorrow

حَسَنًا، سَأَقْبَلُ اِعْتِذَارَكَ، ولكن يَجِبُ أَنْ تَحْضُرَ غَدًا

المدير

God willing, thank you, peace be upon you!

إن شاء الله...شُكْرًا لَكَ...السلام عليكم

المُوظف

(3)

(4)

 

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