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Lesson 89 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والثَّمانون

The conditional sentence - أَسالِيبُ التَّحِيَّةِ، والاِعْتِذارِ

The Arabic styles of greetings – أَسالِيبُ التَّحِيَّةِ العَرَبِيَّةِ

  • There is a common Islamic greeting that can be said in any time of the day.
  • This greeting is used by most Muslims in all Islamic countries in Standard Arabic and also in all colloquial Arabic dialects. It is as follows (please read from right to left):

Answer

Greeting

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

And upon you be peace!

وَعَلَيْكُم السَّلامُ

Peace be upon you!

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم

  • It is also possible to prolong the above mentioned greeting or its answer as follows:

Answer

Greeting

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

And upon you be peace and Allah's mercy and blessings!

وَعَلَيْكُم السَّلامُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وبركاته

Peace be upon you and Allah's mercy and blessings!

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وبركاته

  • In addition, there are many other greetings which are commonly used in Modern Standard Arabic. Following are some common of them:
  • A morning greeting:
  • The above mentioned morning greeting is equal for both masculine and feminine. Consider the following dialogue between two females:

(1)

(2)

Example

English

Arabic

Speaker

Peace be upon you!

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم

عِمْران

And upon you be peace!

وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلامُ

أَحْمَد

How are you, Ahmed?

كيْفَ حَالُكَ يا أَحْمَد؟

عِمْران

Thanks to Allah, I am fine

الْحَمْدُ لله، أَنا بِخَيْر.

أَحْمَد

And who is this?

وَمَنْ هَذّا؟

عِمْران

This is my friend Omar, he is from Holland

هَذَا صَدِيقي عُمَر، هُو مِنْ هُولَنْدَا.

أَحْمَد

Hello Omar, have you ever visited Egypt?

أَهْلاً وَسَهْلاً يا عُمَر

هَلْ زُرْتَ مِصْرَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ؟

عِمْران

No, this is my first visit to Egypt

لا، هَذِهِ أَوَّلُ زِيارَةٍ لِي إلى مِصْر

عُمَر

Welcome to Egypt

مَرْحَبًا بِكَ فِي مِصْر

عِمْران

 (3)

·         At Adel’s home:

  • You may notice that all the welcome greetings are in the accusative case, because they are considered absolute objects or pro-absolute objects (lesson 67).   

 

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