Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.
Madinah Arabic Tuition Center

Lesson 77 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

Types of Prepositions - أَقْسام حُرُوف الْجَرِّ

The augmented preposition - حَرْفُ الْجَرِّ الزَّائِدِ

  • The augmented preposition has no certain meaning in the sentence, it is rather added to the structure for purpose of confirmation (assurance), so that if we drop it from the context the essential meaning will not be affected, but the meaning will not be confirmed (assured). Consider the following examples:

Declension of the noun after the preposition

Example

English

Arabic

A doer of the verb, in a place of nominative case, but it is in actual genitive case

Nobody came to us

ما جاءَنا مِنْ أَحَدٍ

A predicate of (laysa) in a place of accusative case, but it is in actual genitive case

This is not a good comportment

لَيْسَ هَذَا بِسِلُوكٍ طَيِّبٍ

A direct object, in a place of accusative case, but it is in actual genitive case

I didn’t see (any) student in the class

ما رَأَيْتُ مِنْ طالِبٍ فِي الْفَصْلِ

  • In the above mentioned examples you may notice that the preposition does not affect the general meaning of the structure, and it gives the meaning more confirmation (assurance).
  • The noun after the preposition in the above mentioned examples is in the genitive case because of the preposition, while it keeps virtually its grammatical type and function without the preposition.
  • The three above mentioned examples were supposed to be (if not confirmed by the preposition) as follows:

Declension

Example

English

Arabic

The agent (doer) of the verb

Nobody came to us

ما جاءَنا أَحَدٌ

The predicate of /laysa/

This is not a good comportment

لَيْسَ هَذَا سِلُوكًا طَيِّبًا

The direct object

I didn’t see  a student in the class

ما رَأَيْتُ طالِبًا فِي الْفَصْلِ

  • We now clearly understand that the augmented preposition affects the declension of the following noun, and it is able to be removed from the sentence without changing the essential meaning.

 

  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center