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Lesson 77 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

Types of Prepositions - أَقْسام حُرُوف الْجَرِّ

The original preposition – حَرف الْجر الأَصلِي

 

  • The original preposition is that which links the genitive noun which falls after it with a preceding attachment (a verb or a derived noun).
  • This type of preposition has a certain meaning and function in the structure. The meaning is, as we learnt in the previous lesson, supposed to be in accordance with the full meaning of the structure.
  •  The function of the preposition is that it changes the following noun to the genitive case. The preceding attachment can be mentioned, supposed or eliminated (but in the case of elimination it has to be understood from the context). Consider the following examples:

picture

The attachment

English

Arabic

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Mentioned

كَتَبْتُ

I wrote with the pen

كَتَبْتُ بِالْقَلَمِ

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Mentioned

سَمِعْتَ

Did you hear (know) about Tatars?

هَلْ سَمِعْتَ عَنِ التَّتارِ؟

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Mentioned

اشْتَرَيْتَ

Did you by anything from the market?

هلْ اشْتَرَيْتَ شَيْئًا مِنَ السُّوقِ؟

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Supposed

(absolute object)

I.e.:

غَيْرِ المَغْضُوبِ (غَضَبًا) عَلَيْهِمْ

Not of those who earned Your Anger

غَيْرِ المَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ

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Eliminated

(أبي) في البَيْتِ

Where is your father?

At home.

أيْنَ أبُوك؟

في البَيْتِ

 

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