Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 77 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

Types of Prepositions - أَقْسام حُرُوف الْجَرِّ

The original preposition – حَرف الْجر الأَصلِي

 

  • The original preposition is that which links the genitive noun which falls after it with a preceding attachment (a verb or a derived noun).
  • This type of preposition has a certain meaning and function in the structure. The meaning is, as we learnt in the previous lesson, supposed to be in accordance with the full meaning of the structure.
  •  The function of the preposition is that it changes the following noun to the genitive case. The preceding attachment can be mentioned, supposed or eliminated (but in the case of elimination it has to be understood from the context). Consider the following examples:

picture

The attachment

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Mentioned

كَتَبْتُ

I wrote with the pen

كَتَبْتُ بِالْقَلَمِ

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Mentioned

سَمِعْتَ

Did you hear (know) about Tatars?

هَلْ سَمِعْتَ عَنِ التَّتارِ؟

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Mentioned

اشْتَرَيْتَ

Did you by anything from the market?

هلْ اشْتَرَيْتَ شَيْئًا مِنَ السُّوقِ؟

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Supposed

(absolute object)

I.e.:

غَيْرِ المَغْضُوبِ (غَضَبًا) عَلَيْهِمْ

Not of those who earned Your Anger

غَيْرِ المَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Eliminated

(أبي) في البَيْتِ

Where is your father?

At home.

أيْنَ أبُوك؟

في البَيْتِ

 

  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center