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Lesson 77 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

Types of Prepositions  - أَقْسام حُرُوف الْجَرِّ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • We learnt in the previous lesson (no. 76) which covers the meanings of the prepositions, we clearly understood that the preposition does not have a certain meaning as a single word, rather its meaning appears only in the structure, e.g. فِي الْبِيْتِ - عَلَى المَكْتَبِ.
  • We also learnt the eight most commonly used prepositions in detail, and we studied briefly the other nine prepositions.
  • The prepositional phrase (quasi sentence) which is formed of the preposition and the following noun is not a complete sentence, rather it forms a dispensable part of the verbal or the nominal sentence.
  • The preposition has to be attached (related) to a verb or a derived noun in the sentence, because the preposition links the genitive noun which falls after it with the verb or the derived noun before it.
  • The attachment of the preposition can be either mentioned or supposed as in the following examples:

Picture

Attachment

Example

English

Arabic

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Mentioned

ذَهَبْتُ

I went to school

ذَهَبْتُ إلَى الْمَدْرَسَةِ

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Mentioned

الطَّالِبُ

The student entered to the class

دَخَلَ الطَّالِبُ في الْفَصْلِ

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Supposed

(the one)

I saw (the one) who is at your home

رأيتُ الذي في بَيْتِكَ

  • We now clearly understand that the prepositional phrase has to be related to a certain word of the sentence (the attachment), which can be a noun or a verb.
  • Sometimes the preposition is augmented or similar to an augmented one, in these two cases the prepositional phrase does not need to be related to a preceding attachment.
  • Therefore we will study in this lesson the three types of prepositions as follows:

1-    The original preposition (which has to be related to a preceding attachment).

2-    The augmented preposition (which does not need to be related to an attachment, and can be omitted)

3-    The similar to an augmented preposition (which is not related to a preceding attachment, but cannot be omitted from the sentence)