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Lesson 71 – الدَّرْسُ الحادِي والسَّبْعونَ

The status - الْحَال

Types of the statusأَنْواعُ الحَالِ

  • In this part we will study the types of the status In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • The status can be a single noun, a verbal sentence, a nominal sentence, or a quasi sentence (preposition + noun), as in the following example:

Type of status

Status

English meaning

Arabic example

Single noun

سَعِيدًا

I saw Muhammad happy

رَأَيْتُ مُحَمَّدًا سَعِيدًا

/ra’aytu muħammadan saξīdan/

باكِيًا

The child slept crying

نامَ الطِّفْلُ باكِيًا

/nāma aŧ ŧiflu bākiyan/

كَرِيمًا

The man lived generous

عاشَ الرَّجُلُ كَرِيمًا

/ξāsha ar raĵulu karīman/

فَقِيرًا

My father died poor

ماتَ أبِي فَقِيرًا

/abī māta faqīran/

Verbal sentence

يَسْبَحُ فِي الْبَحْرِ

I saw Muhammad swimming in the sea

رَأيْتُ مُحَمَّدًا يَسْبَحُ فِي الْبَحْرِ

/ra’aytu muħammadan yasbaħu fī al baħri/

يُنادِي أُمَّهُ

The child slept calling his mother

نامَ الطِّفْلُ يُنادِي أُمَّهُ

/nāma aŧ ŧiflu yunādī ummahu/

Nominal sentence

وَقَلْبُهُ حَزِينٌ

The man lived and his heart is unhappy

عاشَ الرَّجُلُ وَقَلْبُهُ حَزِينٌ

/ξāsha ar raĵulu wa qalbuhu ħazīnun/

وَقَلْبُهُ مَرِيضٌ

My father died and his heart was ill

ماتَ أَبِي وَقَلْبُهُ مَرِيضٌ

/māta abī wa qalbuhu marīđun/

Quasi sentence

فِي الْبَيْتِ

I saw Muhammad at home

رَأَيْتُ مُحَمَّدًا فِي الْبَيْتِ

/ra’aytu muħammadan fī al bayti/

عَلَى جَنْبِهِ

The child slept on his side

نَامَ الطِّفْلُ عَلَى جَنْبِهِ

/nāma aŧ ŧiflu ξala ĵanbihi/

فِي قَرْيَتِهِ

The man lived in his village

عاشَ الرَّجُلُ فِي قَرْيَتِهِ

/ξāsha ar raĵulu fī qaryatihi/

بِعِلَّتِهِ

My father died with his illness

مَاتَ أَبِي بِعِلَّتِهِ

/māta abī biξillatihi/

 

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