From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from or other offers and updates from our Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 70 – الدَّرْسُ السَّبْعونَ

The concomitant object - الْمَفْعُول مَـعَـهُ

The concomitant object -الْمَفْـعُـولُ مَـعَـهُ

  • The concomitant object (الْمَفْعُول مَعَه /al mafξūl maξahu/) is an accusative dispensable noun, indicating the companionship with the action of the verb, i.e. the action of the verb occurs in the company of the concomitant object. Consider the following example:


English meaning

Arabic example lesson image

Qassim walked along (with) the mountain

سارَ قاسِمٌ وَالْجَبَلَ

/sāra Qâsimun wal ĵabala/

  • We understand from the above mentioned example that Qassim walked in the existence (company) of the mountain.
  • You may notice that the noun preceding the /wāw/ is in the nominative case because it is the doer of the verb, while the noun after the /wāw/ is in the accusative case because it is a concomitant object. This means that the /wāw/ here is of concomitance. The following table shows some examples of the other type of /wāw/, which is the /wāw/ of coordination (attraction). Please consider carefully the grammatical sign of the nouns preceding and the noun following the /wāw/:


English meaning

Arabic sentence lesson image

Tariq and Ibrahim came

حَضَرَ طارِقٌ وإِبْراهِيمُ lesson image

I went to the school and the library

ذَهَبْتُ إلى الْمَدْرَسَةِ وَالمَكْتَبَةِ

  • You may notice in the above mentioned examples that the noun before the /wāw/ has the same case of the noun after it. This means that it is not the /wāw/ of concomitance, and the following noun (إِبْراهِيمُ - المَكْتَبَةِ) is not concomitant object, rather it is a follower, i.e. it has the same case of the preceding noun(طارِقٌ - الْمَدْرَسَةِ).
  • The following table shows more example of the concomitant object, which is always in the accusative case:


English meaning

Arabic sentence lesson image

Ali went out at sunrise

خَرَجَ عَلِيٌّ وَشُرُوقَ الشَّمْسِ

/kharĵa ξaliyyun wa shurūqa ash shamsi/ lesson image

Ibrahim played in the rain

لَعِبَ إبراهِيمُ وَالمَطَرَ

/laξiba ibrâhimu wal maŧara/ lesson image

The child slept in the cold

نامَ الطِّفْلُ وَالبَرْدَ

/nāma aŧ ŧiflu wal bardu/ lesson image

I woke up at the call of the dawn

اِسْتَيْقَظْتُ وَأَذَانَ الفَجْرِ

/istayqađhtu wa adhāna al faĵrri/

  • In the above mentioned examples we notice that the nouns after the /wāw/ are concomitant objects, respectively as follows:

Concomitant object


أَذَانَ الفَجْرِ

شُرُوقَ الشَّمْسِ


English meaning


The call of the dawn



  • The above mentioned object are dispensable parts in the verbal sentence, they indicate that the action of the verb occurs in the company (existence) of them.
  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center