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Lesson 70 – الدَّرْسُ السَّبْعونَ

The concomitant object - الْمَفْعُول مَـعَـهُ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will study the concomitant object (الْمَفْعُول مَعَهُ) which is the last type of the objects (الْمَفاعيل / al mafāξīl) In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • We learnt earlier that the objects are accusative dispensable nouns in the verbal sentence.
  • The concomitant object is an accusative dispensable noun (supplement), preceded by the particle (و /wāw/) of concomitance (meaning with). The concomitant object indicates the companionship of the object with the action of the verb, as in the following examples:

Picture

English meaning

Arabic example

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Muhammad walked along the Nile

سَارَ مُحَمَدٌ وَالنَّيلَ

/sāra Muħammadun wan nīla/

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Ali woke up at the dawn

اِسْتَيْقَظَ عَلِيٌّ والْفَجْرَ

/istayqađha Aliyyun wal faĵra/

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I studied under the lamp

ذَاكَرْتُ وَالمِصْباحَ

/dhākartu wal miŝbāħa/

  •  In this lesson we will learn the conditions under which the noun can be accusative concomitant object In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • We will also learn the difference between the noun falling after the particle (و /wāw/) of concomitance and the particle (و /wāw/) of coordination (attraction). We will learn that the noun after (و /wāw/) of concomitance is an accusative object, while the noun after (و /wāw/) of coordination follows the grammatical case of the noun which precedes the particle (و /wāw/).
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