Lesson 69 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والسِّتُّونَ

The Circumstantial object (Adverbs of Time and Place) - الْمَفْعُولُ فِيهِ

Adverb of Time – ظَرْف الزَّمان

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  • The Arabic adverb of time is that which indicates the time of an action, as in the following example:

Picture

Example

English

Arabic

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The teacher came at seven o’clock

حَضَرَ الأُسْتاذُ السَّاعةَ السَّابِعَةَ

/ħađara al ustādhu as sāξata as sābiξata/

Adverb of time

دَقِيقَة

سَاعَة

يَوْم

Meaning

One minute

An hour

A day

Adverb of time

أُسْبُوع

شَهْر

سَنَة

Meaning

A week

One month

A year

  • Consider the following examples:

Picture

Example

English

Arabic

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I stayed one minute at the window

وَقَفْتُ دَقِيقَةً في النَّافِذَة

/waqaftu daqīqatan fī an nāfithati/

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I read the book for an hour

قَرَأتُ الكِتابَ سَاعَةً

/qara’tu al kitāba sāξatan

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I stayed one day with my brother

أَقَمْتُ مَعَ أَخِي يَوْمًا

/aqamtu maξa akhī yawman/

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I studied the Quran for one week

دَرَسْتُ الْقُرآنَ أُسْبُوعًا

/darastu al qur’āna usbūξan/

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I will spend a month in the city

سَأَسْكُنُ فِي المَدِينَةِ شَهْرًا

Sa’askunu fī al madīnati shahran/

  • Some adverbs consist of two words as follows:

Adverb

Example

English

Arabic

بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ

I will have lunch in the after noon

سَأَتَنَاوَلُ الغَدَاءَ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ

/sa’atanāwalu al ghadā’a baξda ađh đhuhri/

يَوْمَ الخَمِيسِ

The friends will arrive on Thursday

سَيَحْضُرُ الأَصْدِقاءُ يَوْمَ الخَمِيسِ

/sayaħđuru al aŝdiqâ’I yawma al khamīsi/

قَبْلَ ساعَتَيْنِ

Khalid slept two hours ago

نامَ خالِدٌ قَبْلَ ساعَتَيْنِ

/nāma khâlidun qabla sāξatayni/

كُلَّ الوَقْتِ

I slept all the time

نِمْتُ كُلَّ الوَقْتِ

/nimtu kulla al waqti/

عِدَّةَ أَيَّامٍ

I travelled for some days

سَافَرْتُ عِدَّةَ أَيَّامٍ

/sāfartu ξiddata ayyāmin/

  • In the above mentioned examples we notice that the adverb of time can consist of two words in annexation structure إضَافة /iđâfah/, as follows:

Adverb of time

بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ

يَوْمَ الخَمِيسِ

قَبْلَ ساعَتَيْنِ

كُلَّ الوَقْتِ

عِدَّةَ أَيَّامٍ

Meaning

Afternoon

On Thursday

Two hours ago

All the time

Some days

Annexing noun

بَعْدَ

يَوْمَ

قَبْلَ

كُلَّ

عِدَّةَ

Annexed noun

الظُّهْرِ

الخَمِيسِ

ساعَتَيْنِ

الوَقْتِ

أَيَّامٍ

 

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