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Lesson 55 – الدَّرْسُ الخامِسُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ الْمُثَنَّى

The dualالْمُثَنَّى

·         the noun in Arabic is divided according to the number into three categories:
1-The singular (
المُفْرَد /al mufrad): which indicates one unit of the countable noun e.g.: (طَالِبٌ، مُعَلِّمٌ، كِتَابٌ، شَجَرِةٌ). All these words indicate the singular.
2-The dual (
الْمُثَنَّى /al muthannā/): which indicates two masculine or feminine units of the same kind of the singular noun, e.g.: (طَالِبانِ، مُعَلِّمانِ، كِتَابانِ، شَجِرِتانِ)
3-The plural: which indicates more than two units of the singular noun, this will be studied In-Shā'-Allâh in the following lesson.
Please take a look at the examples below:

·         You may notice that we can change the dual form back to singular by simply removing the final (ان /ān) from its ending.

·         We will see from the examples below that in the feminine form we also have to change the tā’ marbuŧah (if it is present) to a normal tā’ prior to adding the dual ending.  We will first review the examples of masculine dual form:

Picture

dual

singular

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

رَجُلانِ

man

رَجُلٌ

/raĵulun/

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طَالِبانِ

student

طَالِبٌ

/ŧâlibun/

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أَسَدانِ

lion

أَسَدٌ

/asadun/

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بَيْتانِ

home

بَيْتٌ

/baytun/

·         Below, we can see that we form the feminine dual by adding the feminine ending (tā') before the dual ending (ان /ān/).  If the tā' in the singular is Marbūtah (ـة) it will be changed to normal tā' (ـت) before the dual ending (ان /ān/) let's see these examples of the feminine dual:

Picture

Dual

Singular

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

بِنْتانِ

/bintāni/

girl

بِنْتٌ

/bintun/

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طَالِبَتانِ

/ŧâlibatāni/

student

طَالِبَةٌ

/ŧâlibatun/

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قِطَّتانِ

/qiŧŧatāni/

cat

قِطَّةٌ

/qiŧŧatun/

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حَقِيبَتانِ

/ħaqībatāni/

bag

حَقِيبَةٌ

/ħaqībatun/

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شَجَرَتانِ

/shaĵaratāni/

tree

شَجَرَةٌ

/shaĵaratun/