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Lesson 51 – الدَّرْسُ الْواحِدُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ  الاسـم الممـدود

Declension of Mamdūd Noun - إِعْرابُ الاِسْمِ المَمْدُودِ

 

  • Radical hamza: The Mamdūd Noun declension signs are the three diacritic signs đammah (ـُ), fatħah (ـَ) and Kasrah (ـِ). Consider the examples:

Picture

Declension sign

Declension case

Mamdūd noun

Translation

Sentence

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الضمة

đammah

   مرفوع

Nominative

قَرَّاءٌ

/qarrā’-un/

This man is the most reciting of the Qur'an.

هذا الرجل قَرَّاءٌ للقرآن.

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الفتحة

fatħah

  مَنْصُوب

Accusative

قَرَّاءَ

/qarrā’-a/

I like reciters of the Qur'an.

أُحِبُّ قَرَّاءَ القُرْآن.

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الكسرة

Kasrah

  مجرور

Genitive

بَنَّاءٍ /bannā’-in/

I worked with a good builder.

عَمِلْتُ مَعَ بَنَّاءٍ جَيِّدٍ.

  • Converted hamza: The Mamdūd Noun declension signs are also the three diacritic signs đammah (ـُ), fatħah (ـَ) and Kasrah (ـِ). Consider the examples:

Picture

Declension sign

Declension case

Mamdūd noun

Translation

Sentence

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

الضمة

đammah

   مرفوع

Nominative

السَّماءُ

/as-samā’-u/

The sky is clear.

السَّماءُ صَافِيَةُ.

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الفتحة

fatħah

  مَنْصُوب

Accusative

السَّماءَ

/as-samā’-a/

I like the sky without fog.

أُحِبُّ السَّماءَ بِدُونِ ضَبابٍ.

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الكسرة

Kasrah

  مجرور

Genitive

السَّماءِ

/as-samā’-i/

The moon appeared in the sky.

ظَهَرَ القَمَرُ فِي السَّماءِ.

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الكسرة

Kasrah

  مَنْصُوب

Accusative

السَّماواتِ

/as-samawāt-i/

Allah has created heavens without columns.

خَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّماواتِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَدٍ.

  • Note: the word السَّماواتِ /al-samāwāt-i/ in the last example is in the accusative case but the diacritical sign is the Kasrah (of the genitive case) not the fatħah because the word سَمَاوات is جَمْعُ مُؤَنَّثٍ سَالِمٍ /ĵamξ mu'annath sālim/ (sound feminine plural) and so the diacritical signs of declension are the same of the sound feminine plural [see Lesson 54].
    3- Augmented hamza for femininity: The Mamdūd noun in this case will be (مَمْنُوعٌ مِن الصَّرْفِ) /mamūξu-n min aŝ-ŝarf/ (or prohibited from variation, i.e. diptote), and therefore the diacritical signs will be the đammah for the nominative case and the fatħah for both the accusative and genitive cases. Consider the following examples:

Picture

Declension sign

Declension case

Mamdūd noun

Translation

Sentence

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

الضمة

đammah

   مرفوع

Nominative

حَسْناءُ

/ħasnā’-u/

 

Hasnaa attended the meeting.

حَضَرَت حَسْناءُ الاِجْتِمَاع.

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الفتحة

fatħah

  مَنْصُوب

Accusative

الصحراءَ

/aŝ-ŝahrâ’- a/

I saw the Western Sahara (desert).

رَأَيْتُ الصحراءَ الغَرْبِيَّةَ.

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الفتحة

fatħah

  مجرور

Genitive

بَيْضاءَ

/bayđâ’- a/

I went to Haj with white clothes.

ذَهَبْتُ إلى الحَجِّ بِأَثْوَابٍ بَيْضاءَ.

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الكسرة

Kasrah

  مجرور

Genitive

البَيْضاءِ

/al-bayđâ’- i/

I have a lot of white clothes.

عَنْدِي كَثِيرٌ من الأَثْوَابِ البَيْضاءِ.

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الكسرة

Kasrah

  مجرور

Genitive

صَحْرَاءِ

/ŝahrâ’-i/

I walked in Saudi desert.

تَجَوَّلْتُ في صَحْرَاءِ السُّعُودية.