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Madinah Arabic Learn Arabic Online
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Lesson 51 – الدَّرْسُ الْواحِدُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The Mamdūd Noun  الاسـم الممـدود

Dual and Plural Forms of the Mamdūd Noun - جَمْعُ وَتَثْنَيةُ الاِسْمِ المَمْدُودِ

  • Getting the dual and plural forms of the Mamdūd Noun depends on the type of its hamza.
    1- Radical hamza: If the hamza is radical, it remains as it is in the dual and plural forms. Consider the following examples:

بَرَّاء

/barrâ'/

دَرَّاء

/darrâ'/

قَرَّاء

/qarrâ'/

مُفْرَد مُذَكَّر

Masculine singular

بَرَّاءة

/barrâ'ah

دَرَّاءَة

/darrâ'ah/

قَرَّاءَة

/qarra'ah/

مُفْرَد مُؤَنَّث

Feminine singular

بَرَّاءانِ

/barrâ'āni/

دَرَّاءَانِ

/darrâ'āni/

قَرَّاءَانِ

/qarrâ'āni/

مثنى مرفوع

Dual, in the nominative case

بَرَّائَيْنِ

/barrâ'ayni/

دَرَّائَيْنِ

/darrâ'ayni/

قَرَّائَينِ

/qrrâ'ayni/

مُثَنَّى مَنْصُوب أو مَجْرُور

Dual, in the accusative or genitive case

بَرَّاؤونَ

/barrâ'ūna/

دَرَّاؤُونَ

/darrâ'ūna/

قَرَّاؤونَ

/qarrâ'ūna/

جَمْعُ مُذَكَّر

Masculine plural  

بَرَّاءَات

/barrâ'āt/

دَرَّاءَات

/darrâ'āt/

قَرَّاءات

/qarrâ'āt/

جَمْعُ مُؤَنَّث

Feminine plural

  • As you see, the hamza does not change in the feminine or masculine dual and plural forms of the Mamdūd Noun because this hamza is radical أصْليّةٌ.
    2- Converted hamza: If the hamza of the Mamdūd Noun is converted from wāw (و) or yā' (ي), it can be converted into wāw (و), or it can remain as it is in the dual and plural forms. Consider the following examples:

بَبَّغَاء

/babbaghā'/

بَلاء

/balā'/

بَنَّاء

/bannā’/

مُفْرَد مُذَكَّر

Masculine singular

........

.......

سَماء

/samā'/

مُفْرَد مُؤَنَّث

Feminine singular

بَبَّغَاءانِ/بَبَّغاوانِ

/babbaghā'ni/, /babbaghāwāni/

بَلاءَانِ/بَلاوانِ

/balā'āni/, /balāwāni/

سماءانِ/سماوانِ

/samā'āni/, /samāwāni/

 

مثنى مرفوع

Dual, in the nominative case

بَبَّغَاءَيْنِ/بَبَّغَاوَيْنِ

/babbaghā'ayni/, /babbaghāwayni/

بَلاءَيْنِ/بَلاوَيْنِ

/balā'ayni/, /balāwayni/

سَماءَيْنِ/سَماوَيْنِ

/samā'ayni/, /samāwayni/

مُثَنَّى مَنْصُوب أو مَجْرُور

Dual, in the accusative or genitive case

........

.........

بَنَّاءونَ / بَنَّاوونَ

/bannā’ūna/, /bannāwūna/

جَمْعُ مُذَكَّر

Masculine plural  

بَبَّغَاءَات/بَبَّغَاوَات

/babbaghā'āt/, /babbaghāwāt/

بَلاءَات/بَلاوات

/balā'āt/

/balāwāt/

سَماءَات/سَماوات

/samā'āt/, /samāwāt/

جَمْعُ مُؤَنَّث

Feminine plural

  • 3- Augmented hamza for femininity: If the hamza of the Mamdūd Noun is augmented for femininity, it will change into wāw (و). Consider the following examples:

حَسْنَاء

/ħasnā'/

زَرْقاء

/zarqâ'/

صَحْرَاء

/ŝaħrâ'/

مُفْرَد مُؤَنَّث

Feminine singular

حَسْنَاوان

/ħasnāwāni/

زَرْقاوان

/zarqâwāni/

صَحْرَاوانِ

/ŝaħrâwāni/

مثنى مرفوع

Dual, in the nominative case

حَسْنَاوَيْن

/ħasnāwayni/

زَرْقاوَيْن

/zarqāwayni/

صَحْرَاوَيْنِ

/ŝaħrāwayni/

مُثَنَّى مَنْصُوب أو مَجْرُور

Dual, in the accusative or genitive case

حَسْنَاوات

/ħasnāwāt/

زَرْقاوات

/zarqâwāt/

صَحْرَاواتٌ

/ŝaħrâwāt/

جَمْعُ مُؤَنَّث

Feminine plural