Lesson 46 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالأرْبَعُونَ

Pronouns (3 of 5) – الضَّمَائرُ (٣ من ٥)

The Accusative Attached Pronoun - ضَّمير النَصْبِ المُتَّصِل

Attached Pronoun as a Subject of Nominal Sentence after indeed and its sisters (إَنَّ وَأَخَواتهَا)

  إنَّ – أنَّ – كأنَّ – لكنَّ – لأنَّ – ليت – لعل

  • We learnt before that these particles precede the nominal sentence and turn its subject from nominative case to accusative case. If the subject is an evident declinable noun it will be signed (originally) with Fatħah. If it’s indeclinable it will not be changed, but it will be considered in place of accusative, thus are the attached pronouns that we are learning in this lesson. The following table summarizes them:
  • From the above mentioned table we learn the following:
    • Unlike the direct object pronoun, we never use with the third person of these pronouns the (hā’ هـ) signed with Kasrah, because none of the particles is ending with yā’ or Kasrah.
    • For the first person (singular or plural) we have two versions, one with an additional Nūn and one without it. This in the Arabic rhetoric is used to make more assurance of the meaning of (indeed).
    • With the pronoun related to the 1st. person singular, the Nūn of protection (that we studied earlier in this lesson) is an optional for all of these particles except for (layta لَيْتَ ) that cannot be used without that Nūn, i.e. we say (laytanī لَيْتَنِي) and it’s not correct to say (laytī لَيْتِي). Regarding (laξalla لَعَلَّ) it’s rarely used without the Nūn, but anyhow it is allowed to use it with or without it.
  • Now let’s see some examples for these pronouns with indeed and its sisters:




Corresponding attached pronoun

Detached pronoun

Type of pronoun

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I went early, but I didn’t find a seat

ذَهَبْتُ مُبَكِّرًا لَكِنَّني (لَكِنِّي) لَمْ أَجِدْ مِقْعَدًا.



1st. person

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I know that I arrived early.

أَعْلَمُ أَنَّني (أّنِّي) وَصَلْتُ مُبَكِّرًا.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

We live together as if we are one family.

نَعِيشُ مَعًا كَأنَّنا (كَأَنَّا) أُسْرَةٌ وَاحِدةٌ.

ـنا (ـا)


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

If only we assisted the previous lesson!

ليتَنا حَضَرْنَا الدَّرْسَ السَابِقَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I hope you can help me.

لَعَلَّكَ تَسْتَطِيعُ مُساعَدَتي.



2nd. person

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

My brother told me that you are from France.

ذَكَرَ لِي أخي أّنَّكِ مِنْ فرنسا.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I know that you are brothers.

أَعْلَمُ أَنَّكُما أَخَوانِ.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

It’s said that you will travel today.

قِيلَ إنَّكُمْ سَتُسافِرونَ الْيَومَ.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You speak Arabic as if you are Arabic.

تتحدَّثْنَ العربِيَّةّ كَأَنَّكُنَّ منَ الْعَرَبِ.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

If only he has not came today!

ليتهُ مَا جاءَ الْيَوْمَ.



3rd. person

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Take these books, I hope it will be useful to you.

خُذْ هذِهِ الكُتُبَ لَعَلَّها تَنْفَعُكَ.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

They did not go because they got up late.

لمْ يذهبا لأنهما اسْتَيْقَظا متأَخِريْنِ.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

They are my friends.

إنَّهُمْ أَصْدِقائي.



Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Do you know that they are at home?

أَتعْلَمُ أَنَّهنَّ في البَيْتِ؟



From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.