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Lesson 46 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالأرْبَعُونَ

Pronouns (3 of 5) – الضَّمَائرُ (٣ من ٥)

The Accusative Attached Pronoun - ضَّمير النَصْبِ المُتَّصِل

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This lesson is a part of a group of five lessons studying the Arabic pronouns, we learnt in the previous two lessons the detached pronoun (الضَّمير المُنْفَصِل /ađ-đamīr al munfaŝil/), and the nominative attached pronoun, (ضَّمير الرَّفْع المُتَّصِل / đamīr ar-rafξ al muttaŝil) which can be connected to a past or a present verb.
  • We learnt also that all pronouns are indeclinable, i.e. they have no change in their endings when they occupy the different positions. This means that we cannot differentiate their functions by the grammatical signs, but they have different forms for each function. In this lesson we will learn their attached forms in the accusative place (مَحَلّ نَصْب / maħall naŝb) In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing).
  • The attached pronoun is in the accusative place when it replaces an accusative noun. And this originally happens in two situations:
    1. When it falls in the position of a direct object attached to a verb.
    2. When it is attached to one of the accusative annullers (indeed and its sisters إِنَّ وأخَوَاتها).
  • So this lesson will be divided into the following parts: