Lesson 45 – الدَّرْسُ الْخامِسُ والأرْبَعُونَ

Pronouns (2 of 5) – الضَّمَائرُ (٢ من ٥)

The nominative attached pronouns – ضَّمَائِرُ الرَّفْع المُتَّصِلَةُ

The Nominative Pronouns attached to present verb

  • Now let’s study the nominative attached pronoun as an agent of present verb in the following table:



  • The first thing that we learn from this table is that that there is no nominative attached pronoun as agent suffix of the present verb for the most doers. We learnt in a previous lesson tackling the present conjugation that we use prefixes to refer the doer of many pronouns, without using suffixes.
  • We can divide these above mentioned pronouns in two groups:

First: the pronouns of the five verbs (Lesson 35), which are:

The 2nd. Person singular feminine



The 2nd. person dual



The 2nd. Person plural masculine



The 3rd. person dual



The 3rd. person plural masculine



  • This group of pronouns are ended with (n) letter/Nūn/. This /Nūn/ as we learnt earlier (in lesson 37) will be subject to omission in the accusative and jussive case, so our grammarians say that this /Nūn/ is not a part of the pronoun, rather it’s just a sign of the indicative case of the present verb, and the omission of it is the grammatical sign of the accusative and the jussive cases, and the omission of the same /Nūn/ is the sign of the indeclension of the imperative verb.

The second group of these pronouns is the unique pronoun related to the feminine plural:

The 2nd. person feminine plural



The 3rd. person feminine plural


  • In this category we find that the present verb is exceptionally indeclinable on sukūn, and the pronoun (Nūn) is indeclinable on Fatħah whatever the grammatical case of the present verb is (all this is detailed in the lesson tackling the present verb conjugation).
  • Let’s summarize now the rules of the nominative attached pronouns:
    • They are only to be attached to a verb and they occupy the position of the agent of that verb.
    • They have certain forms when attached to the past verb and other forms when attached to the present or imperative verb.
    • For the present verb we do not depend only on the pronouns to make the conjugation but we also use certain prefixes which are studied in the present verb lesson.
    • All these pronouns are indeclinable and some of them can change the pronunciation of its ending for phonetic (non- grammatical) factor.
  • After this summary it would be convenient to see some examples of the nominative attached pronoun.





Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You are walking in the street.

أنتِ تَسِيرِينَ في الشَارِعِ.

/anti tasīrīna fī ash-shāriξi


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You are playing football.

أَنْتُمَا تَلْعَبَانِ الْكُرَةَ.

Antumā talξabāni al-kurata


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

The two boys go to school.

الوَلَدَانِ يَذْهَبَانِ إلَى الْمدْرَسَةِ.

Al-waladāni yadhhabāni ilā al-madrasati


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Why do you stand here?

لِمَاذا تقِفونَ هُنَا؟

/limādhā taqifūna hunā/


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

They are cooking the food.

همْ يطْبُخونَ الطَّعامَ.

/hum yaŧbukhūna aŧ-ŧaξāma/


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You travel by the plane.

أَنتنَّ تُسافِرْنَ بالطَائِرَةِ.

/Antunna tusāfirna biŧ-ŧâ’irati/


Madinaharabic.com lesson image

They did not go to the restaurant.

هُنَّ لَمْ يَذْهَبْنَ إلى المَطْعَمِ.

Hunna lam yadhhabna ilā al maŧξami


From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.