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Lesson 37 الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Declension of the Five Verbsإِعْرَابُ الأَفْعَالِ الْخَمْسَةِ

The Naŝb of the Five Verbs

·         We will now learn the Naŝb mark of the Five Verbs. We learnt before the Naŝb particles أنْ and لَنْ and how a sound verb فِعْل صَحِيح or a defective verb فِعْل مُعْتَلّ be in the Naŝb case with these particles. For example:

أَنْ يَنَامَ

أَنْ نَخْرُجَ

لَنْ يَنْتَصِرَ

لَنْ يَضِيعَ

Verb

an yanām-a

an nakhruĵ-a

lan yantaŝir-a

lan yađhīξ-a

Transliteration

to sleep

to get out

will not win

will not be lost

Meaning

·         What about the Naŝb case with the Five Verbs. Consider the following examples:

Translation

Examples

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: " You will not enter Paradise until you believe and you will not believe until you love one another"

قال رَسُولُ اللَّهِ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم: "لَنْ تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤمِنُوا، وَلَنْ تُؤمِنَوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا، أَوَلا أَدُلَّكُمْ عَلَى شَيْءٍ إِذَا فَعْلْتُمُوهُ تَحَابَبْتُمْ؛ أَفْشُوا السَّلامَ بَيْنَكُمْ"

Allah (Exalted be He) says: "By no means shall you attain to righteousness until you spend (benevolently) out of what you love"

قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالى:"لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّى تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ"

Muslims should propagate the sound teachings of Islam

يَجِبُ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَنْ يَنْشُروُا تَعالِيمَ الإسْلامِ الصَّحِيحَةَ.

They should inform people of its truth

وَأنْ يُخْبِرُوا النَّاسَ بِحَقِيقَتِهِ.

They should teach people its moderateness

وَأنْ يُعَلِّموُا النَّاسَ أيْضًا وَسَطِيَّتِهِ.

·         Notice the following verbs that are stated in the above examples:

تَنالُوا

تُؤْمِنُوا

تَدْخُلُوا

Verb

tanāl-ū

tu'min-ū

tadkhul-ū

Transliteration

attain

believe

enter

Meaning

 

تُنْفِقُوا

تَحَابُّوا

تُؤمِنُوا

Verb

tunfiq-ū

taħābb-ū

tu'min-ū

Transliteration

spend

love one another

believe

Meaning

·         These verbs are from the Five Verbs. The Nūn نُون ["N" letter] is omitted because the verbs are in the Nasb نَصْب case. The Nasb particle here is the article حَتَّى (ħattā).

·         The Nūn (ن) is also omitted from the following verbs, because the verbs come after the Nasb particle أَنْ

يُعَلِّموُا

يُخْبِرُوا

يَنْشُروُا

Verb

yuξallim-ū

yukhbir-ū

yanshur-ū

Transliteration

teach

inform

propagate

Meaning

·         So we can say that the Naŝb mark of the Five Verbs is the omission of the Nūn ("ن" letter). Here are some Naŝb particles of the present verb:

حَتَّى

لَنْ

أَنْ

ħattā

lan

An