Lesson 29 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ
Tenses of the Verb (Past, Present and Future)- زَمَن الفِعْل (الماضي ،وَالْمُضارِع ،والمُسْتَقْبَل)
Characteristics of the Present Verb - خصائص الفعل المضارع
- We have learnt the forms taken by the past and present tense verbs as well as the way the future tense is written – i.e. expressed by a present verb preceded by particles (sa- سـ or sawfa سوف).
- In this part we will discuss the present verb in more detail because the present verb in Arabic has many various characteristics, including:
- It indicates an action being performed at the time of speaking or a future event, that is the present verb can express the present time (as we have already explained in Part 2 of this lesson).
- It can also express future events. If it is preceded by ((أن, the meaning of the verb indicates the future. For example:
I want to go to Egypt next year
- Also, if the present verb is preceded by إن (conditional if) - through which we understand that there is a hope that the action may happen in the future – the verb also indicates the future - as in the example below.
If Muhammad studies, he (will) succeed.
I will not go to school tomorrow.