From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from or other offers and updates from our Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 29 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

Tenses of the Verb (Past, Present and Future)- زَمَن الفِعْل  (الماضي ،وَالْمُضارِع ،والمُسْتَقْبَل)

Characteristics of the Present Verb - خصائص الفعل المضارع

  • We have learnt the forms taken by the past and present tense verbs as well as the way the future tense is written – i.e. expressed by a present verb preceded by particles (sa- سـ or sawfa سوف).
  • In this part we will discuss the present verb in more detail because the present verb in Arabic has many various characteristics, including:
    • It indicates an action being performed at the time of speaking or a future event, that is the present verb can express the present time (as we have already explained in Part 2 of this lesson).
    • It can also express future events. If it is preceded by ((أن, the meaning of the verb indicates the future. For example:
    • Also, if the present verb is preceded by إن (conditional if) - through which we understand that there is a hope that the action may happen in the future – the verb also indicates the future - as in the example below.

إنْ ذاكرَ مُحَمَّدٌ يَنْجَحْ

If Muhammad studies, he (will) succeed.

    • لن (lan) negates the present verb (as we are going to study in the next lesson). If the present verb is preceded by (لن), it indicates the future, and this is why we added the word (tomorrow غَداً) in the sentence.


  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center