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Lesson 18 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّامِنَ عَشَرَ

continued

  • In this part of the lesson we will learn the dual form of the demonstrative pronouns (i.e. this and that), In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). In Arabic language the pronouns also have dual form. We have already learnt the singular form of masculine and feminine demonstrative pronouns for the nearby objects in (Lesson 1 section 1) and (Lesson 6_section 2) respectively. We have also learnt the plural form of the demonstrative pronouns for the nearby objects for both the masculine as well as the feminine nouns in (Lesson 13 section 2)
  • In this part of the lesson however, we will learn the dual form of the demonstrative pronouns for the nearby objects representing the masculine and the feminine nouns, In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • In order to change the demonstrative pronouns for the near objects (masc. and fem.) to the Dual form, the following steps are involved:
    • To change a demonstrative pronoun for the near object representing a masculine noun to مُثَنًّى i.e., Dual form, نِ i.e., a /Nūn/ with a /Kasrah/ is added, e.g.:

هَذَا will become هَذَانِ

    • To change a demonstrative pronoun for the near object representing a feminine noun هَذِهِ to مُثَنًّى i.e., Dual form, the last letter هِ ha is changed to the letter ت and a single /Kasrah/ is replaced with a single /fatħah/ and the suffix /Alif-Nūn/ انِ i.e., a long vowel /Alif/ and /Nūn/ with a /Kasrah/ is added i.e.,

هَذِهِ will become هَاتَانِ

  • Let’s examine some more examples for a better understanding of the rule: