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Lesson 13 - الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ

Continued

  • In this part of the lesson we will learn the plural form of the Demonstrative Pronouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing) for objects that are nearby ("these") and objects that are further away ("those").  In the previous lessons we have already learnt the following demonstrative Pronouns:
  • The plural form of these Demonstrative Pronouns is the same for the masculine and feminine nouns i.e.  

English

Transliteration

Demonstrative Pronoun (Arabic)

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

Grammatical Term

This (masculine)

/Hādhā/

هَذَا

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ الْقَرِيبَةِ

These

/Hā’ulā’i/

هَؤُلاءِ

الْجَمْعُ

This (feminine)

/Hādhihi/

هَذِهِ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

These

/Hā’ulā’i/

هَؤُلاءِِ

الْجَمْعُ

  • The plural form of the Demonstrative Pronoun for the close objects is هَؤُلاءِ.  It is an indeclinable word and always takes a /kasrah/. It must however be remembered that هَؤُلاءِ is used only for human beings and not for non human beings.
  • Let’s take some examples for a better understanding of the rule:

Picture

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a teacher

Plural: These are teachers

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذَا مُدَرِّسٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ مُدَرِّسُونَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a female student

Plural: These are female students

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذِهِ طَالِبَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ طَالِبَاتٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is an engineer

Plural: These are engineers

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذَا مُهَنْدِسٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ مُهَنْدِسُونَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a lady teacher

Plural: These are lady teachers

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذِهِ مُدَرِّسَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ مُدَرِّسَاتٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a farmer

Plural: These are farmers

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذَا فَلاحٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ فَلاحُونَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a female colleague

Plural: These are female colleagues

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذِهِ زَمِيلَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ زَمِيْلاتٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is hard working

Plural: These are hard working

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذَا مُجْتَهِدٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ مُجْتَهِدُونَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: This is a wife

Plural: These are wives

الْمُفْرَدُ: هَذِهِ زَوْجَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هَؤُلاءِ زَوْجَاتٌ.