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Lesson 15 - الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ

Continued

أَيُّ

  • In this lesson we will learn a new word أَيُّ and the rules for its use In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). أَيُّ  is an interrogative article - i.e. it is used to ask questions.  In Lesson No. 4 section 4 we have already learnt the use of some of the interrogative articles. However unlike the other interrogative articles, أَيُّ  meaning "Which…?" is used as a /Muđâf/ (possessed), so any word that follows أَيُّ will be treated as /Muđâf Ilaihi/ and will therefore take the genitive case with a /kasratain/. E.g.:

English

Arabic

Which house is this?

أَيُّ بَيْتٍ هَذَا؟

  • However the word أَيُّ  will take different cases in different situations, i.e.:

English

Arabic

Which school is this?

أَيُّ مَدْرَسَةٍ هَذِهِ؟

    • أَيُّ will take a genitive case with a /Kasrah/, if it is preceded by a preposition, e.g.:

English

Arabic

In which room did you enter?

فِي أَيِّ غُرْفَةٍ دَخَلْتَ؟

English

Arabic

Which language do you like?

أَيَّ لُغَةٍ تُحِبُّ؟

·         Let’s take some more examples of this rule:

Picture

English

Arabic

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Which day is this?

It is Saturday

أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هَذَا؟

هَذَا يَوْمُ السَّبْتِ.

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Which month is this?

This is the month of Rajab

أَيُّ شَهْرٍ هَذَا؟

هَذَا شَهْرُ رَجَبٍ.

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Which faculty is this?

This is the faculty of Commerce

أَيُّ كُلِّيَّةٍ هَذِهِ؟

هَذِهِ كُلِّيَّةُ التِّجَارَةِ.

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In which school are you?

I am in the primary school

فِي أَيِّ مَدْرَسَةٍ أَنْتَ؟

أَنَا فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الْمُتَوَسِّطَةِ.

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From which country are you?

I am from Jordan

مِنْ أَيِّ بَلَدٍ أَنْتَ؟

أَنَا مِنَ الأُرْدُن.

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Which book do you (all) like?

We like the book of Arabic language

أَيَّ كِتَابٍ تُحِبُّونَ ؟

نُحِبُّ كِتَابَ اللُّغَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّةِ.