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Lesson 15 - الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ



  • In this lesson we will learn a new word أَيُّ and the rules for its use In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). أَيُّ  is an interrogative article - i.e. it is used to ask questions.  In Lesson No. 4 section 4 we have already learnt the use of some of the interrogative articles. However unlike the other interrogative articles, أَيُّ  meaning "Which…?" is used as a /Muđâf/ (possessed), so any word that follows أَيُّ will be treated as /Muđâf Ilaihi/ and will therefore take the genitive case with a /kasratain/. E.g.:



Which house is this?

أَيُّ بَيْتٍ هَذَا؟

  • However the word أَيُّ  will take different cases in different situations, i.e.:



Which school is this?

أَيُّ مَدْرَسَةٍ هَذِهِ؟

    • أَيُّ will take a genitive case with a /Kasrah/, if it is preceded by a preposition, e.g.:



In which room did you enter?

فِي أَيِّ غُرْفَةٍ دَخَلْتَ؟



Which language do you like?

أَيَّ لُغَةٍ تُحِبُّ؟

·         Let’s take some more examples of this rule:



Arabic lesson image

Which day is this?

It is Saturday

أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هَذَا؟

هَذَا يَوْمُ السَّبْتِ. lesson image

Which month is this?

This is the month of Rajab

أَيُّ شَهْرٍ هَذَا؟

هَذَا شَهْرُ رَجَبٍ. lesson image

Which faculty is this?

This is the faculty of Commerce

أَيُّ كُلِّيَّةٍ هَذِهِ؟

هَذِهِ كُلِّيَّةُ التِّجَارَةِ. lesson image

In which school are you?

I am in the primary school

فِي أَيِّ مَدْرَسَةٍ أَنْتَ؟

أَنَا فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الْمُتَوَسِّطَةِ. lesson image

From which country are you?

I am from Jordan

مِنْ أَيِّ بَلَدٍ أَنْتَ؟

أَنَا مِنَ الأُرْدُن. lesson image

Which book do you (all) like?

We like the book of Arabic language

أَيَّ كِتَابٍ تُحِبُّونَ ؟

نُحِبُّ كِتَابَ اللُّغَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّةِ.