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Lesson 15 - الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ


  • In this lesson, we will learn a new rule related to the /Muđâf/ and /Muđâf Ilaihi/ In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). We have learnt in Lesson No. 5 section 2 that the /Muđâf/ is definite even though it doesn't have /alif-lām/.  We also learnt that the adjective of a definite noun is always definite, so when we add an adjective to a /Muđâf/ it will be definite like it e.g.:
  • It is important to identify above the adjectives and the /Muđâf/ and /Muđâf Ilaihi/.
  • Similarly when the /Muđâf Ilaihi/ (possessor) is a possessive pronoun, the adjective of such a /Muđâf/ that it qualifies is definite e.g.:
  • It must be remembered that the adjective of the /Muđâf/ (i.e. possessed noun) that it describes always takes the same case as that of /Muđâf/ i.e.,
  • If the /Muđâf/ is in nominative case, the adjective will also take the nominative case e.g.:



The new book of the teacher

كِتَابُ الْمُدَرِّسِ الْجَدِيدُ

  • If the /Muđâf/ is in genitive case, the adjective will also take the genitive case e.g.:
  • If the /Muđâf/ is a feminine noun, the adjective should also be feminine, e.g.:
  • More examples: