Lesson 12 - الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِيَ عَشَرَ


  • In this lesson, we will learn the use of the Relative Pronoun for the feminine nouns, In-Shā’-Allâh. In Lesson 9 section 004 we have already learnt about the Relative Pronoun for the masculine nouns. We know that a Relative Pronoun is used to refer or relate to some noun preceding it. The masculine form of the Relative Pronoun is الَّذِي and is translated as 'who' if used for a human being and to 'which or that' if used for the non human beings. Similarly the feminine form of the Relative Pronoun is الَّتِي with the same meaning as the masculine form, however used for feminine objects or persons.
  • Consider the following examples:
  • In the above sentences, the nouns: Fatima, the window and a bag, are called Antecedents and the words "who, which and that" refer to them respectively hence they are the Relative Pronouns.
  • Similar to الَّذِي the word الَّتِي refers to all the three words (who, which and that).
  • Let’s take some more examples of this rule:




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The car that went out now is mine

السَّيَّارَةُ الَّتِي خَرَجَتِ الآنَ لِي.

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The pen which is on the desk belongs to Nasir

الْقَلَمُ الَّذِي فَوْقَ الْمَكْتَبِ لِنَاصِرٍ.

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That cat which is on the tree belongs to her

تِلْكَ الْهِرَّةُ الَّتِي عَلَى الشَّجَرَةِ لَهَا.

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The young boy who is near the black board is from Malaysia

الْفَتَى الَّذِي عِنْدَ السَّبُّورَةِ مِنْ مَالِيزِيَا.

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The young lady who went to the market is Fatima

الْفَتَاةُ الَّتِي ذَهَبَتْ إِلَى السُّوْقِ فَاطِمَةُ.

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The house which is in the street belongs to the minister

الْبَيْتُ الَّذِي فِي الشَّارِعِ لِلْوَزِيرِ.

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