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Lesson 12 - الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِيَ عَشَرَ

Introduction – مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the following things In-Shā’-Allâh:
    • In the first part of the lesson, we will learn how to have a dialogue in Arabic.
    • We will also learn how to convert a masculine verb into a feminine verb (see below):

English

Arabic

Gender (Grammatical Term)

He went

ذَهَبَ

الْفِعْلُ الْمُذَّكَرُ

Masculine Verb

She went

ذَهَبَتْ

الْفِعْلُ الْمُؤَنَّثُ

Feminine Verb

You (masculine) went

ذَهَبْتَ

الْفِعْلُ الْمُذَكَّرُ

Masculine Verb

You (feminine) went

ذَهَبْتِ

الْفِعْلُ الْمُؤَنَّثُ

Feminine Verb

    • We will also learn the feminine form of the Relative Pronoun. We have already learnt the masculine form of the Relative Pronoun الَّذِي in Lesson 09 section 004. We know that a Relative Pronoun is a pronoun used to show the reference or relation between the nouns. The Relative Pronoun is called الاسْمُ الْمَوْصُولُ in Arabic. If the Relative Pronoun refers to a human being it is to be translated "who" and if it refers to non human beings it is translated "which / that".

Relative noun

الاسْمُ الْمَوْصُولُ

Who (for human beings)

الَّتِي

Which/That (for non human beings)

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