From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from or other offers and updates from our Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 66 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ والسِّتُّونَ

The direct object - الْمَـفْـعُـول بِـه

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we return to the active voice sentence to study the direct object. The direct object is a dispensable (optional) part of the verbal sentence. We studied the two indispensable parts of the verbal sentence in many lessons as follows:
    a- The active verbal sentence:
       1- We learnt the active verb in lessons (28 to 40).
       2-And we studied the doer (the agent) in lesson 64.
    b- The passive verbal sentence:
       1-We learnt the passive form of the verb in lesson 34.
       2-And we learnt the pro agent in lesson 65.
  • From this lesson we will start studying the dispensable parts of the verbal sentence.
  • The dispensable parts of the verbal sentence are called the objects (المفاعيل /al mafāξīl/). All the objects are originally in the accusative case.
  • The direct object is the first one of the objects that we will study In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • In this lesson we will learn the following:
    - What the direct object is, what the types of the direct object are. We will study that it can be (mostly) one of two types as follows:


Type of the direct object

Direct object



Arabic lesson image

Explicit noun


Khalid paid the bill

دَفَعَ خَالِدٌ الحِسابَ

/dafaξa khâlidun al ħisāba/ lesson image



The teacher helps me

سَاعَدَنِي الأُسْتَاذُ

/sāξadany al ustādhu/

  • We will also learn the original order of the verbal sentence as follows:

الفِعْل + الفاعِل + المفْعول

The verb + the agent + the direct object

  • We will also study the cases in which the order of the sentence is changed as follows:


The direct object

The agent



Arabic lesson image 



Visited the house, his owner

زارَ البَيْتَ صَاحِبُهُ

/zāra al bayta ŝâħibuhu/ lesson image



It is you, the people hope

إيَّاكَ يَرْجُو النَّاسُ

/iyyāka yarĵu an nāsu/ lesson image



Which book do you want

أَيَّ كِتابٍ تُرِيدُ؟

/ayya kitābin turīdu/ lesson image



Whoever  you help succeeds

مَنْ تُسَاعِد يَنْجَحْ

/man tusāξidu yanĵaħu/

  • We will also learn the situations in which we omit the direct object. This omission must be under a condition that the meaning of the direct object is understandable from the context.
  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center