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Lesson 63 – الدَّرْسُ الثّالِثُ والسِّتُّونَ

Transitive verbs over two objects/đhanna/ and its sisters - الأفعال التي تَنْصِب مَفْعُولَيْنِ "ظَــنَّ، وَأَخَوَاتُـها"

Verbs of Affectivity: Verbs of Certainty – (أَفْعال الْقُلوب: أَفْعَالُ اليَقِينِ" عَلِمَ، رَأَى، وَجَدَ، أَلْفَى، دَرَى" )

picture

Translation

Sentence

verbs of certainty

English

Arabic

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I knew that the student was diligent

عَلِمْتُ الطَّالِبَ مُجْتَهِدًا

/ξalimtu aŧ ŧâliba muĵtahidan/

 

to know

عَلِمَ

/ξalima/

 

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I saw the sun shining

رَأَيْتُ الشمْسَ مُشْرِقَةً

/ra’aytu ash shamsa mushriqatan/

 

to see

رَأَى

 

/ra’ā/

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I found the room vacant

وَجَدتُ الحُجْرَةَ خَالِيَةً

/waĵadtu al ħuĵrata khâliyatan/

 

to find

وَجَدَ

 

/waĵada/

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I found love is beautiful

أَلْفَيْتُ الحُبَّ جَمِيلاً

/alfaytu al ħubba ĵamīlan/

 

to find

أَلْفَى

 

/alfā/

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I was informed that the news was true

دَرَيْتُ الخَبَرَ صَحِيحًا

/daraytu al khabara ŝaħīħan/

 

to be or become informed of or about

دَرَى

 

/darā/

  • Note: these five verbs denote almost the same meaning, i.e. certainty and assurance, which means that the speaker is certain about what he/she says.

 

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