Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.
Madinah Arabic Tuition Center

Lesson 58 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّامِنُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The nominal sentence  - الجُمْلَةُ الاِسْمِيَّةُ

Introduction  - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the second type of the Arabic sentence: the nominal sentence/In-Shā’-Allâh/ (God willing). We have already learnt the verbal sentence structure in earlier lessons.  The nominal sentence consists of two parts; the subject and the predicate, and it is mostly started with a noun which is the subject. See the following examples (please read from right to left):

Picture

English meaning

Arabic sentence

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

The student is hard working

الطَّالِبُ مُجْتَهِدٌ

/aŧ ŧâlibu muĵtahidun/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

The horse is fast

الحِصَانُ سَرِيعٌ

/al ħiŝânu sarīξun/

  • We will also learn the different forms of the subject ( المبتدأ /al mubtada’/) which is an essential part of the nominal sentence.  The /mubtada’/ is the first part of a nominal sentence. In the following table there are some examples of the different forms of the subject (المبتدأ /al mubtada’/):

the type of the subject

The subject

English meaning

Arabic example

Demonstrative

هَذَا

/hādhā/

This is a house.

هَذَا بَيْتٌ

/hādhā baytun/

Pronoun

أَنْتَ

/anta/

You are generous

أَنْتَ كَرِيمٌ

/anta karīm/

Noun

الطَّالِب

/aŧ ŧâlibu/

The student is hard working

الطَّالِبُ مُجْتَهِدٌ

/aŧ ŧâlibu muĵtahidun

  • We will also learn the different types of the predicate (الْخَبَر /al khabar/) which is the second part of the nominal sentence. See the following examples of the different types of the predicate:

the type of The predicate

The predicate

English meaning

Arabic example

Isolated (single)

بَارِدٌ

/bāridun/

The weather is cold

الجَوُّ بَارِدٌ

/al ĵawwu bāridun/

Quasi-sentence (a phrase) i.e. preposition + noun

 

عَلَى المَكْتَبَ

/ξala al maktabi/

The book is on the desk

الكِتَابُ عَلَى المَكْتَبِ

/al kitābu ξala al maktabi/

Verbal sentence

حَضَرَ

/ħađara/

Ahmed has come

أَحْمَدُ حَضَرَ.

/Aħmadu ħađara/

Nominal sentence

بَيْتُهُ جَمِيلٌ

/baytuhu ĵamīlun/

 

Ahmed, his house is beautiful

أَحْمَدُ بَيْتُهُ جَمِيلٌ

/Aħmadu, baytuhu ĵamīlun/

  • We will learn the original structure of the nominal sentence, in which the subject comes first, then the predicate. The situations in which the structure is re-arranged, i.e. the predicate comes in the beginning of the nominal sentence, is supposed to be learnt in another lesson In-Shaa'-Allaah.
  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center