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Lesson 52 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّاني وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The manqūŝ Noun  الاسـم المَنْقُوص

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • The declinable noun (اسْم مُعْرب) ending with the long (ي) "yā’" /-ī/ preceded by a short kasrah is called (اسم منقوص) manqūŝ noun. That is, it is a noun ending with a long yā’ /-ī/ preceded by a short kasrah, such as ساعِي /sāξī/, قاضِي /qâđī/, غَالِي /ghâlī/, etc. The manqūŝ noun may be singular or plural. Here are some examples of the manqūŝ noun:

Photo

manqūŝ noun

Translation

Sentence

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/al-dāξī/

The one who calls for good is like the one who does it

الدَّاعِي إلى الخَيْرِ كَفاعِلِهِ

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/al-qâđī/

People like a fair judge

القاضِي العَادِلُ يُحِبُّه النَّاسُ

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/rāξi-n/

The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: "Everyone of you is a guardian, and responsible for what is in his custody"

"كُلُّكُم رَاعٍ وَكُلُّكُم مَسْئولٌ عَنْ رَعِيَّتِهِ"

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/layālī/

How long are the nights of oppression and haughtiness!!

ما أَطْوَلَ لَيَالِيَ الظُّلْمِ والاِسْتِكْبار

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/amānī/

The greatest wishes of man are to enter Paradise

أكْبَرُ أَماني الإنْسانِ دُخُولُ الجَنَّة

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/ξāli-n/

This is a very tall house

هَذا بَيْتٌ عَالٍ جِداًّ

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/al-ghâlī/

An expensive garment is better than a cheap one

الثَّوْبُ الغَالِي أَجْوَدُ مِنَ الثَّوْبِ الرَّخِيصِ

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/al-nādī/

I play football in the sports club

أَلْعَبُ كُرَةَ القَدَمِ في النَّادِي

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/nawādī/

The city's sports clubs are bigger than that of the village

نَوَادِي المَدِينَةِ أَكْبَرُ مِن نَّوَادِي القريةِ

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