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Lesson 44 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِع وَالأرْبَعُونَ

Pronouns (1 of 5) – الضَّمَائرُ (١ من ٥)

The detached pronouns الضَّمير المُنْفَصِل

The accusative detached pronoun - ضَّمير النَّصْبِ المُنفَصِل

  • We learnt earlier that the aim in the use of the pronouns is brevity, so the connected pronoun is more concise than the detached pronoun. It is preferred to say أَكْرَمْتُكَ (I honored you) rather than أَكْرَمْتُ إِيَّاكَ (I honored, it is you), as the first is more abbreviated.
  • We have to notice that the detached accusative pronoun should NOT come in place of nominative or genitive. It must occupy a place of accusative only.
  • The detached accusative pronoun is obligatorily used when it is not possible to use the attached pronoun. This happens in different situations as follows:
    • The first situation of specification, e.g. إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ (it is you, we adore, and it is you, we ask help). The intention of placing the pronoun first in such case is to specify the meaning of the composition. That specification cannot be expressed by using the attached pronoun.
    • The second situation is when we need to put the accusative pronoun after certain particles that it is not allowed to attach the pronoun to, e.g. the particle Wa: شَفَاكُمُ اللهُ وَإِيَّانَا (God makes you healthy and us!). In this example we cannot put the attached accusative pronoun after the particle Wa.
  • We use the detached pronoun alternatively with attached accusative pronoun, when there is another attached pronoun connected to the same verb as a direct object, that make the pronunciation hard, e.g. أَعْطَيْتُكَ إيَّاهُ (I gave it to you) instead of أَعْطَيْتُكَهُ.
  • Now let’s see in the following table the full division of the detached pronouns in place of accusative:

·       Now consider the following examples:





Example lesson image

Here we used the separate pronoun facultatively because it is easier in pronunciation than سأعطيكها

This bag, I’ll give it to you.

هَذِهِ الْحَقِيبَةُ سَأُعْطِيكَ إِيَّاهَا. lesson image

Here the direct object pronoun precedes obligatorily the verb for rhetoric reason.

It is you, I mean by this word

إِيَّاكُمَا أَعْنِي بِهَذِهِ الْكَلِمَةِ lesson image

Here the direct object pronoun is preceded by Wa.

The teacher awarded me and you

الْمُدَرِّسُ كَافَأَنِي وَإِيَّاكَ

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