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Lesson 44 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِع وَالأرْبَعُونَ

Pronouns (1 of 5) – الضَّمَائرُ (١ من ٥)

The detached pronouns الضَّمير المُنْفَصِل

The nominative detached pronoun - ضَّمير الرَّفْع المُنفَصِل

  • We mentioned earlier that all pronouns are always indeclinable and definite nouns. They are used to replace preceding nouns by the aim of brevity. They represent the speaker, the spoken to, and the absent, and they can be prominent and latent pronouns. The first type is divided into two categories: detached and attached pronouns. In this lesson we are studying the detached pronouns, which are to be written separately from the other words. These detached pronouns are divided in two types; the detached pronouns in place of nominative noun, and the detached pronouns in place of accusative nouns.
  • In this part we will learn, the nominative detached pronouns (ضَّمير الرَّفْع المُنفَصِل / đamīr ar-rafξ al munfaŝil) In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing). This type of pronouns occupies the position of the subject in nominal sentence, so they are in place of nominative, but please take care that we say “in place of” nominative noun, and we don’t say that they are in the nominative case; because – as we learnt earlier – the pronouns are indeclinable words. Only declinable words can be in nominative, accusative, or genitive cases.
  • We can see the full division of these pronouns in the following table:
  • The above mentioned table shows us the forms of these pronouns and the following one will show us the usage of these pronouns:

 

Singularمُفْرَدٌ

Dualمُثَنَّى

Plural    جَمْعٌ

 

Masculine

مُذَكَّرٌ

Feminine

مُؤَنَّثٌ

Masculine

مُذَكَّرٌ

Feminine

مُؤَنَّثٌ

Masculine

مُذَكَّرٌ

Feminine

مُؤَنَّثٌ

3rd. person غَائِبٌ

هَذَا أبِي، هُوَ مُدَرِّس.

This is my father. He is a teacher.

هَذِهِ أُمِّي هِي طَبِيبَة.

This is my mother. She is a doctor.

هُما يَذْهَبانِ إلى المَسْجِدِ.

They go to the mosque.

هُمَا يُنَظِّفانِ البَيْتَ.

They are cleaning the house.

هُم يُشَاهِدُونَ المُبَاراة فِي التِّلْفاز.

They are watching the game on TV.

هُنَّ يَدْرُسْنَ فِي الْجَامِعَة.

They study in the university.

2nd. Personمُخَاطَبٌ

هَلْ أَنْتَ أُسْتَاذٌ؟

Are you a professor?

هَلْ أَنْتِ زَيْنَبُ؟

Are you Zaynab?

أَنْتُمَا لاعِبانِ جَيِّدانِ.

You both are good players.

أَنْتُما طِفْلَتَانِ جَمِيلَتانِ.

You are beautiful children.

هَلْ أَنْتُم أَصْدِقاء؟

Are you friends?

أَنْتُنَّ فَتَياتٌ طَيِّبَاتٌ.

You are kind girls.

1st. person مُتَكَلِّمٌ

أَنا طَبِيبٌ عُمَانِيٌّ

I am Omani doctor.

أنا مُمَرِّضَةٌ بَاكِسْتَانِيَّة.

I am Pakistani nurse.

نَحْنُ أَبَوَانِ عَجُوزَانِ.

We are old parents.

نَحْنُ عُمَّالٌ فِي هذا المَصْنَعِ.

We are workers in this factory