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Lesson 33الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Transitive and Intransitive Verbsالفِعْلُ المُتَعَدِّي والْفِعْلُ اللازِمُ

Nominal and verbal sentences

  • The Arabic verbal sentence has two main components that must be there for it to be verbal. These components are:
    1. The verb
    2. The doer
  • The order is vital in this regard. This means that a verbal sentence must start –originally- with a verb.
  • Study the following verbal sentences:
  • On the other hand, if a sentence begins with a noun, then it becomes a nominal sentence. The examples above of verbal sentences can be transformed into nominal ones if we placed the doer at the beginning of the sentence as follows:
  • Consequently, the verbal sentence is the one that starts –originally- with a verb; and the nominal sentences is the one that starts –originally- with a noun.

Transitive and intransitive verbs

  • Arabic verbs are divided into two types:
    1. The first type is the transitive verb “الفِعْلُ الْمُتَعَدِّي”. This kind of verbs require a direct object to complement the meaning of the sentence as the meaning of the sentence cannot be complete without this object. Consider the verbs in the following passage:

It is noteworthy that the verbs (قَرَأ، تَرْجَمَ، دَرَّسَ، فَهِمَ) require a direct object. This type of Arabic verbs is called transitive verbs; that is the verb that needs a direct object for the meaning of the sentence to be complete. Without this direct object, the meaning will remain uncompleted.

    1. On the other hand, some verbs do not need a direct object, and the meaning can be complete without this object. This type of verbs is called intransitive verbs “الْفِعْلُ اللازِمُ”. Consider the verbs in the following passage:

From the examples above, we note that there is no direct object, and that the meaning of the sentence is complete without the object. These verbs [جَلَسَ، نَامَ، اِسْتَيْقَظَ، ذَهَبَ] are called intransitive verbs أَفْعَالٌ لازِمَةٌ.

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