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Lesson 33الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Transitive and Intransitive Verbsالفِعْلُ المُتَعَدِّي والْفِعْلُ اللازِمُ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • We studied the types of sentences in Arabic, namely the nominal sentence that begins (originally) with a noun and the verbal sentence that starts (originally) with a verb.
  • The verbal sentence is made up of two main components: the verb + the doer. We will study this in detail later in this lesson, but now let’s see the following two examples.
  • In case the sentence includes only these main components and does not need a direct object, as is the case in the two examples below, then the verb is called an intransitive verb "فِعْلٌ لازِمٌ".

·         The sentence may contain a verb, a doer and a noun which suffers the action of the verb. In this case, the verb is called a transitive verb "فِعلٌ مُتَعَدٍّ", as in the following two examples:

  • In Arabic, there are three cases of transitive verbs as follows:
    1. Transitive verbs with one direct object.
    2. Transitive verbs with two direct objects.
    3. Transitive verbs with three direct objects.
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