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Lesson 32– الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِي وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Sound Verb and Defective Verb – الفِعْلُ الصَّحِيحُ والمُعْتَلُّ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

هَدَى

Hadā

زَارَ

zāra

يَقِي

yaqī

يَمْشِي

Yamshī

قَالَ

qâla

وَعَدَ

waξada

Verb

Guide

visit

protect

Walk

say

promise

Meaning

  • We will also learn the types of these verbs. Types are classified according to the place of the defective letter in the verb. For example:

اسْمُهُ (نَوْعُهُ)

Type

مَكَانُ حَرْفِ الْعِلَّةِ

Place of defective letter

الْفِعْلُ

Verb

Picture

مِثَالٌ

Mithāl (modal) verb

فِي أَوَّلِ الْفِعْلِ

In the initial position of the verb

وَعَدَ

Promise

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أَجْوَفُ

Aĵwaf (hollow) verb

فِي وَسَطِ الْكَلِمَةِ

In the medial position of the verb

قَالَ

Say

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نَاقِصٌ

Nāqiŝ (deficient) verb

فِي آخِرِ الْكَلِمَةِ

In the final position of the verb

دَعَا

Invite

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  • We will also learn how to make these verbs negative using negative particles, which we studied in previous lessons. In addition, we shall study the changes introduced to these verbs if they are preceded by a negative particle.