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Lesson 25 – الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

The Declinable and the non-Declinable –الْمُعْرَبُ وَالْمَبْنِيُّ

Revision - مُرَاجَعَةٌ

  • In this lesson we have learnt the following:
    • The declinable nouns which are changeable in their vowel endings according to their grammatical positions in the sentence.
    • The indeclinable nouns which have constant endings regardless their positions, cases or grammatical functions in the sentence.
    • The indeclinable nouns are divided into 6 main categories:
    • The declinable and the indeclinable verbs.
    • Examples of the Arabic articles (many types). We also learnt that all articles are permanently indeclinable.
    • Several new words as summarized in the following table:

Vocabulary Revision – مُرَاجَعَةُ الْمُفْرَدَاتِ

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

Declinable

الْمُعْرَبُ

Indeclinable/structured

الْمَبْنِيُّ

Right/true

صَحِيحٌ

I doubt

أَشُكُّ

It has been stolen

سُرِقَت

The snake

الثُّعْبَانَ

Pro-agent

نَائِبُ الْفَاعِلِ

He explained

شَرَحَ

Damascus

دِمَشْق

Diptote

الْمَمْنُوعُ مِنَ الصَّرْفِ

The field

الْحَقْل

Yesterday

أَمْسِ

I passed by

مَرَرْتُ بِـ

The employees

الْمُوَظَّفُونَ

Active (pl.)

نَشِيطُونَ

Conditional nouns

أَسْمَاءُ الشَّرْطِ

Whenever

أَيَّانَ

Wherever

أَيْنَما

Hush

صَهْ

The pain

الأَلَم

Releasing

إِطْلاق

Rumors

الشَّائِعات

In a such way

كَيْتَ

Malicious

الخَبيثة

Since

مُنْذُ

The nūn of plural feminine

نُونُ النِّسْوَةِ

The tā’ of the doer

تَاءُ الْفَاعِلِ

Nā of the plural doers

نَا الْفَاعِلِينَ

Wāw of the third person plural

وَاوُ الْجَمَاعَةِ

Emphatic nūn

نُونُ التَّوْكِيدِ

Bad companions

رِفَاقِ السُّوءِ

If only

لَيتَ

It is hoped that

لَعَلَّ

But

لَكِنْ

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