Lesson 23 - اَلدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

Noun and its Types – اَلاسْمُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ

Pronouns and their Types – اَلضَّمَائِرُ وَأَنْوَاعُهَا

  • We are still in lesson twenty three of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this section we will learn the Arabic Pronouns, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing).
  • In the previous lessons we have learned that in Arabic language there are two types of Pronouns namely Attached Pronouns اَلضَّمائِرُ الْمُتَّصِلَةُ and Detached Pronouns اَلضَّمَائِرُ الْمُنْفَصِلَةُ.
  • Similar to the English Language, the Arabic Pronouns are divided by 1st. person ( I / We), 2nd. person (You) and 3rd. person (He / She / They).

Example:

Person

Arabic

I / We

1st.

الضَّمَائِرُ لِلْمُتَكَلِّمِ

You

2nd.

الضَّمَائِرُ لِلْمُخَاطَبِ

He / She / They

3rd.

الضَّمَائِرُ لِلْغَائِبِ

  • We can see the detached pronouns that we normally use for the different persons below as well as the attached pronouns which we will cover in more detail below.

Attached Pronoun:

Meaning:

Singular / Plural / Dual

Gender of person:

Arabic:

Person:

ي

I

Singular

Masculine or Feminine

أَنَا

1st

نَا

We

Plural

Masculine or Feminine

نَحْنُ

كَ

You

Singular

Masculine

أَنْتَ

2nd

كُمَا

You

Dual

Masculine

أَنْتُمَا

كُمْ

You

Plural

Masculine

أَنْتُمْ

كِ

You

Singular

Feminine

أَنْتِ

كُمَا

You

Dual

Feminine

أَنْتُمَا

كُنَّ

You

Plural

Feminine

أَنْتُنَّ

هُ

He

Singular

Masculine

هُوَ

3rd

هَا

She

Singular

Feminine

هِيَ

هُما

They

Dual

Masculine and Feminine

هُمَا

هُمْ

They

Plural

Masculine

هُمْ

هُنَّ

They

Plural

Feminine

هُنَّ

o   The Attached Pronoun for 1st Person Singular is ي for both masculine and feminine e.g., حَقِيبَتِي  (my bag (fem.)) and for Plural it is نَا for both the masculine and feminine دِينُنَا  (our religion)

Picture

Translation

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

He is the owner of the house.

This is his house

هُوَ مَالِكُ الْمَنْزِلِ.

هَذَا بَيْتُهُ.

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They have come to Egypt

These are their hotels.

هُمْ حَضَرُوا إِلَى مِصْرَ.

هَذِهِ فَنَادِقُهُمْ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You are a student and Muhammad is your teacher

أَنْتَ تِلْمِيذٌ ومُحَمَّدٌ أُسْتَاذُكَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

You and your colleagues have read the book

أنْتِ وَزَمِيلاتُكِ قَرَأْتُنَّ الْكِتَابَ.

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I am Khalid and China is my country

أَنَا خَالِدٌ وَالصِّينُ بَلَدِي.

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Muhammad and I are colleagues, our houses are near the Masjid

أَنَا وَمُحَمَّدٌ زَمِيلانِ بُيُوتُنَا عِنْدَ الْمَسْجِدِ.

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