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Lesson 23 - اَلدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ اَلاسْمُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ

Pronouns and their Types – اَلضَّمَائِرُ وَأَنْوَاعُهَا

  • We can see the detached pronouns that we normally use for the different persons below as well as the attached pronouns which we will cover in more detail below.

Attached Pronoun:

Meaning:

Singular / Plural / Dual

Gender of person:

Arabic:

Person:

ي

I

Singular

Masculine or Feminine

أَنَا

1st

نَا

We

Plural

Masculine or Feminine

نَحْنُ

كَ

You

Singular

Masculine

أَنْتَ

2nd

كُمَا

You

Dual

Masculine

أَنْتُمَا

كُمْ

You

Plural

Masculine

أَنْتُمْ

كِ

You

Singular

Feminine

أَنْتِ

كُمَا

You

Dual

Feminine

أَنْتُمَا

كُنَّ

You

Plural

Feminine

أَنْتُنَّ

هُ

He

Singular

Masculine

هُوَ

3rd

هَا

She

Singular

Feminine

هِيَ

هُما

They

Dual

Masculine and Feminine

هُمَا

هُمْ

They

Plural

Masculine

هُمْ

هُنَّ

They

Plural

Feminine

هُنَّ

o   The Attached Pronoun for 1st Person Singular is ي for both masculine and feminine e.g., حَقِيبَتِي  (my bag (fem.)) and for Plural it is نَا for both the masculine and feminine دِينُنَا  (our religion)

Picture

Translation

Arabic

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He is the owner of the house.

This is his house

هُوَ مَالِكُ الْمَنْزِلِ.

هَذَا بَيْتُهُ.

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They have come to Egypt

These are their hotels.

هُمْ حَضَرُوا إِلَى مِصْرَ.

هَذِهِ فَنَادِقُهُمْ.

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You are a student and Muhammad is your teacher

أَنْتَ تِلْمِيذٌ ومُحَمَّدٌ أُسْتَاذُكَ.

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You and your colleagues have read the book

أنْتِ وَزَمِيلاتُكِ قَرَأْتُنَّ الْكِتَابَ.

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I am Khalid and China is my country

أَنَا خَالِدٌ وَالصِّينُ بَلَدِي.

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Muhammad and I are colleagues, our houses are near the Masjid

أَنَا وَمُحَمَّدٌ زَمِيلانِ بُيُوتُنَا عِنْدَ الْمَسْجِدِ.