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Lesson 23 - اَلدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

Noun and its Types – اَلاسْمُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ

Noun and its Types – اَلاسْمُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ

  • In this part of lesson we will learn the first type of the definite noun i.e., Proper Noun اَلْعَلَمُ and its cases In-Shā’-Allâh
  • A proper noun is the name of a specific person, thing or place e.g., Hamid حَامِدٌ, Qur’an قُرْآنٌ, Madinah مَدِينَةٌ.  Proper nouns can include the names of countries,  people, states, tribes, rivers or oceans and the mountains. The proper nouns اَلْعَلَمُ take the cases similar to the ordinary nouns i.e., Double đammah when in nominative case, Double Fatħah when in accusative case and Double Kasrah when in genitive case.
  • However the proper nouns which are Diptotes follow the rule of diptotes that we have read in previous lessons.
  • Let’s take some examples for this rule:

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Ahmad is brave

Aħmadu Shuĵaξun

أَحْمدُ شُجاَعٌ.

Fatima is at the shore of the Red Ocean

Fāŧimatu ξala Shāŧi'i al Baħr-il-Aħmari

فَاطِمَةُ عَلَى شَاطِئِ الْبَحْرِ الأَحْمَرِ.

I rubbed the Black Stone

Masaħtu Al ħaĵara al Aswada

مَسَحْتُ الْحَجَرَ الأَسْوَدَ.

I drank the Zamzam Water

Sharibtu Mā'a Zamzama

شَرِبْتُ مَاءَ زَمْزَمَ.

This is Tariq Mountain

Hādhā Ĵabalu ŧâriqin

هَذَا جَبَلُ طَارِقٍ.

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