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LESSON 3 الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ

Definite Articleاَلْ

The Moon and The Sun Lettersالْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ والْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ

  • The sentence above means "The Moon and The Sun Letters". See section 7 (which should have already been covered) if you do not already understand the rules relating to the sun and the moon letters. Remember, this rule affects the pronunciation of the word and not the written form. Please listen carefully to the pronunciation. Pay attention to how in the Sun Letters اَلْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ, the /lām/ of /alif-lām/ is assimilated to the first letter in pronunciation. The table below covers each letter in the Arabic alphabet along with an example of a word which starts with that letter under the relevant column depending on whether it is a sun or moon letter.

The Sun Letters

The Moon Letters

اَلْحُرُوفُ الشَّمْسِيَّةُ

اَلْحُرُوفُ الْقَمَرِيَّةُ

(۱) ت: اَلتَّاجِرُ

(۱) أ: اَلأَبُ

(۲) ث: اَلثَّوبُ

(۲) ب: اَلْبَابُ

(۳) د: اَلدِّيكُ

(۳) ج: اَلْجَنَّةُ

(٤) ذ: اَلذَّهَبُ

(٤) ح: اَلْحِمَارُ

(٥) ر: اَلرَّجُلُ

(٥) خ: اَلْخُبْزُ

(٦) ز: اَلزَّهْرَةُ

(٦) ع: اَلْعَيْنُ

(٧) س: اَلسَّمَكُ

(٧) غ: اَلْغَدَاءُ

(۸) ش: اَلشَّمْسُ

(۸) ف: اَلْفَمُ

(۹) ص: اَلصَّدْرُ

(۹) ق: اَلْقَمَرُ

(۱۰) ض: اَلضَّيْفُ

(۱۰) ك: اَلْكَلْبُ

(۱۱) ط: اَلطَّالِبُ

(۱۱) م: الْمَاءُ

(۱۲) ظ: اَلظَّهْرُ

(۱۲) و: اَلْوَلَدُ

(۱٣) ل: اَللَّحْمُ

(۱٣) هـ: اَلْهَوَاءُ

(۱٤) ن: اَلنَّجْمُ

(۱٤) يـ: اَلْيَدُ

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