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Lesson 87 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ والثَّمانون

The conditional sentence - جُمْلَة الشَّرطِ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • We studied the conditional articles in lesson 49, and we learnt that the conditional structure consists of three parts as follows (for revision purpose, and please read from right to left):

Components of conditional structure

Arabic

جواب الشرط

فعل الشرط

أداة الشرط

English

The answer to the condition

The verb of condition

The conditional article

Example

Arabic

تَنْجَحْ

تُذَاكِرْ

إنْ

English

You will succeed

You study

If

  • We also learnt in lesson 49 that there are numerous conditional articles. Some of them are considered nouns, and others are considered particles (letters). We also learnt that some of those articles put the present verb in the jussive case, while only two of them (إذا - لَوْ) do not affect the present verb.
  • In this lesson we will study the other two parts of the conditional structure which are the conditional verbفِعْل الشَّرْط  and the answer to the condition جَواب الشَّرْط In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • We will also learn the types of the answer to the condition, and the cases in which the answer is preceded with the letter (فَ fa) of the answer