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Lesson 57 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The six nouns - الأَسْمَاءُ السِّتَّة

The six nounsالأَسْمَاءُ السِّتَّة

·         The following table shows us a summary of the six nouns:

English meaning

Noun

A father

أَب

/ab/

A brother

أَخ

/akh/

A father or a brother of the wife or the husband

حَم

/ħam/

Having, owner of

ذُو

/dhū/

Mouth

فُو

/fū/

A thing (related to a taboo, not wanted to be mentioned)

هَنْ

/ħan/

  • We will discuss now why the six nouns are studied together in one group, and why they are called the six nouns.
  • These nouns agree with each other in certain rules and features that are different from the rules and features of regular nouns.
  • You may remember that we studied in lesson 22 something called “the five verbs”. In that lesson we learnt five types of verbs. Those five verbs agree with each other in some irregular declension rules, which differ from the declension rules of the regular verbs, so we studied them in a separate group called the five verbs.
  • This group of the six nouns follows the same principle as that of the five verbs. I.e. the six nouns agree with each other in certain irregular declension rules.
  • These irregular declension rules differ from the regular rules that are applied for the normal singular noun.
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