Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 41 – الدَّرْس الحادي والأرْبَعُونَ

Interrogative (questioning) Articles (1 of 3) – أدَوَات الاسْتِفْهام (١ من ٣)

The Interrogative (questioning) noun ماذا /mādhā/

  • (ماذا) Mādhā is an indeclinable Interrogative (questioning) noun which has a sukūn case-ending. We render both mā and Mādhā in English as “what”. In Arabic, however, there is a difference between them. When /mā/ is used to ask about an inanimate thing, it is always followed by a noun and when /Mādhā/ is used to ask about an action, it is followed by a verb.
  • Study the following examples:

Picture

Translation

Answer

Translation

Question

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I am eating rice, chicken and vegetables.

أَأْكُلُ الأُرْزَ والدَّجَاجَ وَالخَضْرَاواتِ.

/a’akulu al-urza wad-daĵāĵa wal-khu đrawāt-i./

What are you eating, Mustafa?

مَاذا تَأكُلُ يَا مُصْطَفَى؟

/Mādhā ta’kulu yā muŝŧafā?/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I studied and played with my friends.

دَرَسْتُ وَلَعِبْتُ مَعَ أَصْدِقَائِي.

/darastu wa laξibtu maξa aŝdiqâ’i /

What have you done today at school?

مَاذا فَعَلْتَ اليَوْمَ فِي المَدْرَسَةِ؟

/Mādhā faξalta al-yawma fil-madrasa-ti?/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I heard very good news.

سَمِعْتُ أَخْبَارا جَيِّدَةً جِدًّا.

/samiξtu akhbār-an jayyīda-tan ĵiddan/

What type of news have you heard today?

مَاذا سَمِعْتَ مِنْ الأَخْبارِ اليَوْمَ؟

/Mādhā samiξta min al-akhbāri al-yawm-a?/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I understood all the lesson, thanks God.

فَهِمْتُ كُلَّ الدرْسِ والحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ.

/fahimtu kulla ad-darsi wal-hamdu lillāhi/

What did you understand of today’s lesson?

مَاذا فَهِمْتَ مِنَ دَرْسِ اليَوْم؟

/Mādhā fahimta min darsi al-yawm-i/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I prefer coffee.

أُفَضِّلُ القَهْوَةَ.

/Aufađđilu al-Qahwata./

What do you prefer: tea or coffee?

مَاذا تُفَضِّلُ، الشَّايَ أم القَهْوَةَ؟

/Mādhā tufađđilu: al-shāya aw al-qahwata/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I am a physician in a hospital.

أَعْمَلُ طَبِيبًا فِي المُسْتَشْفَى.

/aξmalu ŧabīb-an fī al-mustashfā./

What do you do?

مَاذا تَعْمَلُ؟

/Mādhā taξmalu?/

  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center