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Lesson 34 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Active and Passive Voiceالفِعْلُ المَبْنِي لِلْمَعْلُومِ وَالفِعْلُ المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُولِ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This is lesson thirty four of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this lesson, we will study the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e. when it is in the passive voice. We will also discuss how the verb is changed in this case.
  • View the following examples and try to notice the differences in the vowels of the verbs in both cases, with and without the doer:

Translation

Transliteration

Sentence without the doer

Transliteration

Translation

Sentence with the doer included

The lesson was written

Kutiba ad-darsu

كُتِبَ الدَّرْسُ

Kataba aŧ- ŧâlibu ad-darsa

The student wrote the lesson

كَتَبَ الطَّالِبُ الدَّرْسَ

The glass was broken

Kusirat az-zuĵāĵatu

كُسِرَتْ الزُّجاجَةُ

Kasara al-waladu az-zuĵāĵata

The boy broke the glass

كَسَرَ الوَلَدُ الزُّجَاجَةَ

  • In the light of the examples above, we can see that some sentences have a verb, doer and object. When a sentence has the doer in there, we call it a sentence in the active voice (مَبْنِيَّة لِلْمَعْلُومِ), i.e. the doer of the sentence is known. On the other hand, when the doer is omitted, we call it a sentence in the passive voice (مَبْنِيَّة لِلِمَجْهُولِ) i.e. the doer is not known.
  • We will also study in a separate section how to transform the past verb from the active voice to passive voice.

Transliteration

Verb in passive voice

Transliteration

Verb in active voice

Kusira

كُسِرَ

kasara

كَسَرَ

‘ustukhriĵa

اُسْتُخْرِجَ

‘istakhraĵa

اِسْتَخْرَجَ

  • We will also study how to transform the present verb from the active voice to passive voice.

Transliteration

Verb in passive voice

Transliteration

Verb in active voice

Yufhamu

يُفْهَمُ

Yafhamu

يَفْهَمُ

Yuξrafu

يُعْرَفُ

Yaξrifu

يَعْرِفُ