Lesson 22 - اَلدَّرْسُ الثَانِي وَالْعِشْرُونَ
Cases of Diptotes - إِعرَابُ الْمَمْنُوعِ مِنَ الصَّرْفِ
Cases of Diptotes - إِعْرَابُ الْمَمْنُوعِ مِنَ الصَّرْفِ
- In this part of the lesson, we will learn the cases of the Diptotes In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing) i.e.,
- Unlike the ordinary nouns, "The Diptotes" do not take double vowel mark. Similarly, Diptotes do not take /Kasrah/ in the genitive case.
- We know that the noun takes the genitive case i.e., single /Kasrah/ if it is definite – e.g. مِنَ الْجَامِعَةِ and double /Kasrah/ if it is indefinite e.g. فِي مَسْجِدٍ, when it is in the possessive expression (annexation) or when it is preceded by a preposition.
- However diptotes اَلْمَمْنُوعُ مِنَ الصَّرْفِ take /fatħah/ instead of a /Kasrah/ if in genitive case. We have already learnt in the previous lesson i.e., (Lesson 20 section 4) that Diptotes are those nouns or adjectives which never take /tanwīn/ i.e., Double Vowel Mark. So whenever a diptote noun is preceded by a preposition or is /Muđâf Ilaihi/ it will take a /fatħah/ instead of a /Kasrah/ - for example - Ahmad's book i.e., كِتَابُ أَحْمَدَ
- The same is the case with all the other groups of diptotes we have learnt so far.
- Let’s take some examples for this rule:
Where are you from?
I am from Pakistan
/Min aina Anta/?
/Ana min Bakistan/
What is your name?
My name is Anwar
With whom did you return?
I returned with Athar, he is my friend
/Maξa man rajaξta/?
/Rajaξtu maξa Aŧhar, huwa ŝadīqī/
What did you eat in the meal?
I ate a fish
/Mādhā akalta fil ghadā’i/?
Talha neither drinks in golden nor silver cups.
/ ŧalħatu lā yashrabua fī fanaĵīna dhahabiyyatin walā fī fanaĵīna fiđđiyyatin/