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Lesson 9 - الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ

Adjective Clause - الْمُرَكَّبُ الْوَصْفِيُّ

Continued

Translation

Transliteration

الْمُرَكَّبُ الْوَصْفِيُّ

A dirty handkerchief

Mindīlun Wasikhun

مِنْدِيلٌ وَسِخٌ

An intelligent student

ŧâlibatun Dhakiyyatun

طَالِبَةٌ ذَكِيَّةٌ

    • The adjectives that express feelings normally end with (-an) and bear no Tanwīn on their ending letters e.g.:
    • The adjective always follows the noun which it is describing in gender.  The adjective of a masculine noun is masculine and that of a feminine noun is feminine .e.g.: we sayوَلَدٌ صَغِيرٌ meaning “A young boy” and بِنْتٌ صَغِيرَةٌ meaning “A young girl”. 

Translation

Transliteration

Arabic

A famous engineer

Muhandisun Shahīrun

مُهَنْدِسٌ شَهِيرٌ

A tasty apple

Tuffāħatun Ladhīdhatun

تُفَّاحَةٌ لَذِيذَةٌ

    • Both the adjective and the noun are either definite or indefinite. Therefore if the noun is definite, then the adjective which is describing the noun will also be definite e.g.  الْمَكْتَبُ الْقَدِيمُ  meaning "The old table" and when the noun is indefinite the adjective will also be indefinite e.g. كِتَابٌ جَدِيدٌ meaning "A new book". 

Translation

Transliteration

Arabic

The big city

Almadīnatu Alkabīratu

الْمَدِينَةُ الْكَبِيرَةُ

A poor man

Raĵulun Faqīrun

رَجُلٌ فَقِيرٌ

Translation

Case

Arabic

This is a new teacher

Nominative

هَـٰذَا مُدَرِّسٌ جَدِيدٌ.

The pen is in the small bag

Genitive

الْقَلَمُ فِي الْحَقِيبَةِ الصَّغِيرَةِ.

The old book is at home

Nominative

الْكِتَابُ القَدِيمُ فِي الْبَيْتِ.

The water is in a broken glass

Genitive

الْمَاءُ فِي كَأْسٍ مَكْسُورٍ.

 

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