Subscribe
Subscribe to receive updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles. Updates are sent maximum once weekly, normally once a month.
Madinah Arabic Learn Arabic Online
Learn Arabic Online

Lesson 4 الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعُ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the following things:
    • The rules for using prepositions (the words used to connect two or more words or sentences) and the four most common prepositions (Click on the Arabic words to hear the correct pronunciation of that word).

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

In

فِي

On

عَلَىٰ

From

مِنْ

To

إِلَىٰ

    • The rule for the use of interrogative expressions - i.e. the sentences used to ask the questions, and some of the interrogative (questioning) words like:

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

Where

أَيْنَ

Is

أَ

What

مَاذَا

Who

مَنْ

    • Some of the Personal pronouns - e.g.:

English

Person

Gender

Arabic

I

1st
(person speaking)

Masculine/Feminine

أَنَا

You

2nd
(person being spoken to)

Masculine

أَنْتَ

You

2nd
(person being spoken to)

Feminine

أَنْتِ

He

3rd
(person being spoken about - i.e. not present)

Masculine

هُوَ

She

3rd 
(person being spoken about - i.e. not present)

Feminine

هِيَ

    • The difference between the masculine and the feminine words and their punctuation and the three ways of changing a masculine noun to the feminine.

English

Arabic Symbol

Arabic

By adding /ta’ marbūta/

ة

خَالِدَةُ

By adding /alif maqŝūra/

ىٰ

أَقْصَىٰ

By adding /alif mamdūda/

اء

أَسْمَاءُ

    • The difference between the nominal sentences (starting –originally- with a noun) and the verbal sentences (starting –originally- with a verb):

Grammatical term

The Nominal Sentence

/Al ĵumla tul Ismiyya/

الْجُمْلَةُ الاسْمِيَّةُ

The Verbal Sentence

/Al ĵumla tul Fiξliyya/

الْجُمْلَةُ الْفِعْلِيَّةُ

Arabic

أَحْمَدُ ذَهَبَ إِلَىٰ الْجَامِعَةِ.

ذَهَبَ أَحْمَدُ إِلَىٰ الْجَامِعَةِ.

Transliteration

/Ahmadu dhahaba ilal ĵāmiξati/

/Dhahaba Ahmadu ilal ĵāmiξati/

Literary Reading

Ahmad went to the university

Went Ahmad to the university

Please click on the button for the next section to proceed.

  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center