Lesson 1-1

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Arabic Reading Course

 


ARABIC ALPHABET- NAMES

  • In this lesson we will learn the Arabic Alphabet

    In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing). The
    lesson is designed to teach the names of all the alphabets
    .
    Click on the letters to hear how the letter names are pronounced.
  • Please note that some of these letters are very
    similar to English letter sounds e.g.: /Bā’/ is very close
    to the letter 'B' in the English language, this is a useful
    way to remember the sounds of the letters. However many
    letters have no equivalent sounds in English e.g.: /ξayn/,
    and some letters have subtle but important differences in
    pronunciation, e.g.: /Hā’/ which is pronounced with a lot
    more emphasis in the throat than the letter 'H' in English.
  • In Arabic, it is preferred to use the
    'tanween' ('un') to clarify the pronunciation – especially
    on the final letter of a word.  We have used the tanween
    in the sounds below.  For example – instead of
    /Bā’/ we have said '-un'. 
    The letter name is still /Bā’/ but we have
    used the 'un' to clarify the pronunciation.
  • Finally, please note that the Arabic script is
    read from right to left. Please read the letters below starting
    from the right and reading each letter to the left.

Click on Letters to hear pronunciation


ج


ث


ت


ب


أ

Arabic Character

/Jīm/

/Thā’/

/Tā’/

/Bā’/

/Alif/

Letter Name

j

th

t

b

a

Letter Sound

 


ر


ذ


د


خ


ح

Arabic Character

/Râ’/

/Dhāl/

/Dāl/

/Khâ’/

/ħā’/

Letter Name

r

dh

d

kh

h

Letter Sound

 


ض


ص


ش


س


ز

Arabic Character

/đâd/

/ŝâd/

/Shīn/

/Sīn/

/Zāy/

Letter Name

d

s

sh

s

z

Letter Sound

 


ف


غ


ع


ظ


ط

Arabic Character

/Fā’/

/Ghayn/

/ξayn/

/Zâ’/

/ŧâ’/

Letter Name

f

gh

`

Z

t

Letter Sound

 


ن


م


ل


ك


ق

Arabic Character

/Nūn/

/Mīm/

/Lām/

/Kāf/

/Qâf/

Letter Name

n

m

l

K

q

Letter Sound

 

 

 


ي


و


هـ

Arabic Character

 

 

/Yā’/

/Wāw/

/Hā’/

Letter Name

 

 

y

w

h

Letter Sound

 

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