We learnt in Lesson 25 that the declinable words are those words whose endings are changeable according to their function/position in the sentence. Consider the following examples related to declinable words:
We also learnt in lesson 36 that the present verb is, originally (mostly), declinable, and it either comes in indicative (nominative) case, or in accusative case or in jussive case. When it comes in indicative case (rafξ) it should be, originally, signed with dhammah, while in the accusative case (Naŝb) it should be signed with fatħa, and it is signed, originally, with Sukoon, when it is in the jussive case. We also learnt the reason of each case: i.e. the verb comes in the indicative case (rafξ) when it is not preceded by any of the accusative or the jussive particles, and it comes in the accusative case (Naŝb) or jussive case (ĵazm) when it is preceded by an accusative or jussive article respectively. We have had an idea about some accusative articles (أنْ، لَنْ) and some jussive articles (لَمْ، لا النَّاهِيَة). The following revision examples may refresh what you learnt in that lesson:
In our current lesson we will learn the cases in which the present verb is indeclinable. We have already learnt that the present verb is, originally, declinable. We have studied and practiced its three cases of declension in lesson 36. In this lesson we will learn the few cases of indeclension of the present verb, In-Shaa’-Allaah (god willing).
We will learn that there are only two cases in which the present verb is indeclinable.
The first case when it is attached to a pronoun of feminine plural, when it has a constant ending of (Sukoon) regardless its position/grammatical case. Consider the following examples:
The second case in which the present verb is indeclinable, is when it is attached directly to the Noon of confirmation. In this case the present verb is indeclinable on the Fatħa on its ending, regardless it position or grammatical case.