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Lesson 30 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّلاثُونَ

Masculinity and Feminization of Verb- تَذْكِيرُ الْفِعْلِ وَتَأْنِيثُهُ

Introduction – مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In a previous lesson of the course, we studied the masculine and feminine nouns and recognized the signs that differentiate between a masculine and a feminine noun. Here we will do the same with verbs. Verbs are like nouns; they are subject to rules of masculinity and feminization according to the verb doer. Sometimes the verb doer makes the verb obligatory feminine – i.e. it is always feminine, as in the following examples:
  • In other cases the verb doer makes a verb permissible feminine or masculine – i.e. it can be either gender, as in the following examples:
  • Therefore, we should study three important points:
    1. When a verb doer makes a verb obligatory feminine.
    2. When a verb doer makes a verb obligatory masculine.
    3. When a verb doer makes a verb permissible feminine or masculine.
  • We shall also study the signs of the feminization of the present and past verbs, as in the following examples:

Feminine sentence translation

Feminine sentence

Masculine sentence translation

Masculine sentence

The girl came early

حَضَرَتِ البِنْتُ مُبَكِّرةً

The boy came early

حَضَرَ الوَلَدُ مُبَكِّراً

The female student writes with a pen

تَكْتُبُ الطَّالِبَة ُ بِالقَلَمِ

The male student writes with a pen

يَكْتُبُ الطَّالِبُ بِالْقَلَمِ

The mother does her duty towards her family

أَدَّتِ الْأُمُّ مَا عَلَيْها لِأُسْرَتِها

The father does his duty towards his family

أَدَّى الأَبُ ما عَلَيْهِ لأُسْرَتِهِ

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