In this part of lesson No. 5 we will In-Shā'-Allâh (God Willing) learn about the following things:
Vocative Particle: A word that is used for calling someone is called the vocative particle and is called حَرْفُ النِّدَاءِ or simply النِّدَاءُ. In Arabic language the word used is يَا. The word following the vocative particle is called الْمُنَادَىٰand it takes (mostly) the nominative case. However it takes only one /đammah/ whether it is definite or indefinite e.g., in order to call a boy it is يَا وَلَدُ and not يَا وَلَدٌ.
Carefully read the following text and take a particular look at the vowel endings of the words: